Jahn, Friedrich Ludwig

Jahn, Friedrich Ludwig

(frē`drĭkh lo͞ot`vĭkh yän), 1778–1852, German patriot. A high school teacher in Berlin, he was active in efforts to free Germany from Napoleonic rule. He organized the TurnvereinTurnverein
, society of a type originated in Prussia by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn. The first hall of such a society was built in 1811 on the Hasenheide athletic grounds, near Berlin.
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, a gymnastic association, to build strength and fellowship among young people of all classes. The gymnastic groups Jahn fostered became centers for nationalism and for the movement to unify Germany. After serving (1813–15) in the war against Napoleon, Jahn continued his work until his political agitation caused his imprisonment (1819–25). Jahn, who was influential in the organization of the Burschenschaft movement, which promoted nationalistic ideals among German university students, was also a delegate to the Frankfurt ParliamentFrankfurt Parliament,
1848–49, national assembly convened at Frankfurt on May 18, 1848, as a result of the liberal revolution that swept the German states early in 1848. The parliament was called by a preliminary assembly of German liberals in Mar.
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 in 1848.
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