Michael Howard's paraphrasing of Jakob Burckhardt
, cited by Fitzgerald, is therefore apt: "the true use of history, whether military or civil, is ...
No man of the 19th century breathed the spirit of Old Europe as deeply as the Swiss historian Jakob Burckhardt
. He invented the Renaissance--in the sense that his 1860 book, The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy, gave the period its name and general definition.
In the last chapter of the book Sberlati turns to the Italian reception of Jakob Burckhardt
's Die Kultur der Renaissance in Italien during the period from the turn of the century to the end of the Fascist regime.
Cargaba yo dos libros: El cicerone de Jakob Burckhardt
y la edicion francesa de Le bain de Diane de Pierre Klossowski.
Nas palavras agonisticas do historiador Jakob Burckhardt
, para quem o poder e em si maligno, a cultura exerce uma acao constantemente modificadora e desagregadora sobre as duas instituicoes sociais estaveis [Estado e Igreja o texto e dos meados do seculo XIX], exceto nos casos em que estas ja a tenham subjugado e circunscrito de todo a seus proprios fins.
473), "There will be played in Germany a drama compared to which the French Revolution will be only an innocent idyll." It remained for the historian Jakob Burckhardt
to give form and substance eleven years later to Heine's prediction.
 Kristeller's knowledge of the texts of the Italian Renaissance was extraordinary; but so too was that of Jakob Burckhardt
, Georg Voigt, Remigio Sabbadini, Vittorio Rossi, Giuseppe Saitta, and Eugenio Garin, to mention only some of the major commentators on Renaissance humanism predating or contemporary to Kristeller in the mid-1940s.
Given this central contention, it is unsurprising that the first chapter of the book is given over to the problem of periodization, in the form of a critical examination of the characterization of 'the Renaissance' as the cradle of secular modernity by the nineteenth - century Swiss scholar Jakob Burckhardt
in his seminal Die Kultur der Renaissance in ltalien of 1860.
One could easily name great conservatives for example, Otto von Bismarck or Jakob Burckhardt
in the German speaking world of the nineteenth century - to whom such a view of reality was not at all unfamiliar.
And, perhaps because the writer does not consider the importance of the culturally specific situation of any speaker or representer -- including herself -- the opinions of diverse authorities from different times and places are quoted, helter skelter -- Michael Jaffe, the Goncourts, Jakob Burckhardt
-- without mentioning the dates at which they were writing.
Patrizia Lombardo is worthwhile on history and the film (Martin Guerre), and Lionel Gossman is excellent on Jakob Burckhardt
, the historian with whom Schorske surely has the closest spiritual affinity.
These terms are broad and hard to define to accommodate not only the classical approaches of Jakob Burckhardt
and Aby Warburg, but also more recent methodologies by Norbert Elias, Reinhart Koselleck, Philippe Aries, Jean Delumeau, Raymond Williams, Merry Hanks Wiesner, Miriam Chrisman, Elizabeth Eisenstein, and others.