Jakun

(redirected from Jakuns)

Jakun

 

a group of indigenous tribes of Malaysia, numbering more than 8,000 people (1967, estimate). The Jakun, who speak dialects of the Malay language, are divided into the following tribes: the Mantera and Biduanda in the states of Negeri Sembilan and Melaka, the Belanda in the state of Selangor, and the Orang Ulu, Orang Kanaq, and Orang Laut in the state of Johor. Ancient animistic beliefs are preserved among the Jakun. Their principal occupations are gathering, hunting, and fishing; less important are slash-and-burn farming and diving for pearls. The majority of the Jakun live in houses raised on piles, but the Orang Lauts live in hollowed-out boats.

REFERENCE

Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (Contains a bibliography.)
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For example, some lowland Semais speak a Malay dialect as their first language, as do all Jakuns and Temuans; Kensiw, Kintaq and Maniq are dialects of the same language; "Lanoh Kobaak" is a dialect of Temiar, not Lanoh; "Lanoh" and "Batek" each label two or more distinct languages that are recognized as such and separately labelled by the people themselves.
Now the Jakuns cannot get on without rice, of which the Malays have taught them the value, but which was not originally in their list of articles of food; they have gone so far as to cultivate it for the last 30 years when allowed the needful leisure.
For example, 'I have seen among the Jakuns of Johore, some who had large fields of rice.
The Batin's country consists of 500 square miles [about 1,295 square kilometers] of trackless jungle and swamp, inhabited by wandering families of Jakuns, save along the bank of the Muar where a number of Malays are settled.