Jalal Al-Din Rumi

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rumi, Jalal Al-Din


Born Sept. 30, 1207, in Balkh, Afghanistan; died Dec. 17, 1273, in Konya, Turkey. Sufi poet writing in Persian.

Rumi was the son of a theologian and scholar. From 1212 he lived in Nishapur, Baghdad, Damascus, and Aleppo. In Aleppo he studied at the madrasa and received a good education. In 1220, Rumi’s family moved to Konya. There, he later founded the Sufi Mevlevi community, which played an important role in the social and political life of that time and in succeeding centuries. It was also in Konya that he wrote his lyrical divan and a number of Sufi philosophic treatises.

As a pupil of Shamsuddin Muhammad of Tabriz, a Sufi, Rumi signed many of his own early ghazals with his teacher’s name. The epic poem Mathnawi-i Manawi, written late in Rumi’s life and containing interpretations of the basic tenets of Sufism, brought him his greatest fame. Rumi illustrated these tenets with parables from Eastern folklore, thus making the poem more accessible to readers. Rumi’s work significantly influenced the literatures of the East.


The Mathnawi, Edited From the Oldest Manuscripts Available With Critical Notes, Translation, and Commentary by Reynold A. Nicholson. Leiden-London, 1925–37.
Divan-eKabir. Tehran, A.H. 1351 (A.D. 1972).


Fish, R. Dzhalaliddin Rumi. Moscow, 1972.
Furuzanfar, Badiu-z-Zaman. Resaleyi dar tahqiq-e ahval va zendeganiye Maulana Jalal al-Din Mohammad mashur be Maulavi. Tehran, A.H. 1333 (A.D. 1954).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1 Jalal al-Din Rumi, The Mathnawi of Jalalu'ddin Rumi, trans.
Jalal al-Din Rumi. Translated and edited by Nesreen Akhtarkhavari and Anthony A.
In recent decades Jalal al-Din Rumi (1207-1273) has enjoyed great popularity in the West, while Hafez (1315-1390) was the Persian poet for Romantics such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832), and Edward Fitzgerald's (1809-1883) rendition of the quatrains attributed to Omar Khayyam (1048-1131) became a craze in the English-speaking world in the 19th Century.
From Jalal Al-Din Rumi's Masnavi ( Masnawi , Mesnavi ; no-one seems to know what it's called).
In particular, Majidi, as will be discussed here, consistently reflects a theme that may be best described as spiritual poverty, a central theme in the work of Jalal al-Din Rumi, the 13th century Sufi poet.
Lewis, Rumi, Past and Present, East and West, The Life, Teachings and Poetry of Jalal al-Din Rumi (Oxford: Oneworld, 2000), p.570.
West--The Life, Teachings and Poetry of Jalal al-Din Rumi. Oxford, UK:
The Sheb-i Arus ceremonies in 2010 were held to commemorate Mevlana Jalal al-Din Rumi who passed away 737 years ago.
Mawlana Jalal al-Din Rumi, Mathnawi-yi Ma 'nawi ed.
Trying to make sense of Providence's giving and Providence's taking away on my own journey, I've been reading the poetry of the Sufi Muslim Jalal al-Din Rumi. It seems to be referred to in a little story which compares, almost incredibly, the believer with a chickpea, jumping in the pot as the water boils and crying out, `Why do you set the fire on me?'
The thirteenth-century poet Mawlana Jalal al-Din Rumi wrote, "Many roads lead to God.