Jalal Al-Din Rumi

Rumi, Jalal Al-Din

 

Born Sept. 30, 1207, in Balkh, Afghanistan; died Dec. 17, 1273, in Konya, Turkey. Sufi poet writing in Persian.

Rumi was the son of a theologian and scholar. From 1212 he lived in Nishapur, Baghdad, Damascus, and Aleppo. In Aleppo he studied at the madrasa and received a good education. In 1220, Rumi’s family moved to Konya. There, he later founded the Sufi Mevlevi community, which played an important role in the social and political life of that time and in succeeding centuries. It was also in Konya that he wrote his lyrical divan and a number of Sufi philosophic treatises.

As a pupil of Shamsuddin Muhammad of Tabriz, a Sufi, Rumi signed many of his own early ghazals with his teacher’s name. The epic poem Mathnawi-i Manawi, written late in Rumi’s life and containing interpretations of the basic tenets of Sufism, brought him his greatest fame. Rumi illustrated these tenets with parables from Eastern folklore, thus making the poem more accessible to readers. Rumi’s work significantly influenced the literatures of the East.

WORKS

The Mathnawi, Edited From the Oldest Manuscripts Available With Critical Notes, Translation, and Commentary by Reynold A. Nicholson. Leiden-London, 1925–37.
Divan-eKabir. Tehran, A.H. 1351 (A.D. 1972).

REFERENCES

Fish, R. Dzhalaliddin Rumi. Moscow, 1972.
Furuzanfar, Badiu-z-Zaman. Resaleyi dar tahqiq-e ahval va zendeganiye Maulana Jalal al-Din Mohammad mashur be Maulavi. Tehran, A.H. 1333 (A.D. 1954).

R. KHADI-ZADE

References in periodicals archive ?
Homerin, a professor of religion and former chair of the Department of Religion & Classics at the University of Rochester, previously translated a collection of al-Ba'uniyyah's poems as Emanations of Grace , and likens her work to that of the famous Persian poet, Jalal al-Din Rumi.
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In particular, Majidi, as will be discussed here, consistently reflects a theme that may be best described as spiritual poverty, a central theme in the work of Jalal al-Din Rumi, the 13th century Sufi poet.
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West--The Life, Teachings and Poetry of Jalal al-Din Rumi.
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Mawlana Jalal al-Din Rumi, Mathnawi-yi Ma 'nawi ed.
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The thirteenth-century poet Mawlana Jalal al-Din Rumi wrote, "Many roads lead to God.
Reading Mystical Lyric: The Case of Jalal al-Din Rumi.
Their topics include Mary Carpenter (1807-77): a Victorian educationist in Bombay, surrealism and some strategies of avoiding censorship in Iranian art, the divine and exalted status of the consecrated fire in Zoroastrianism, the Banaji and Mehta families: forging the Parsi community in Calcutta, and blindness in the Masnavi of Jalal al-din Rumi.