Jalalabad


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Jalalabad

(jəlä'läbäd`, jəlăl`əbăd), city (1979 pop. 53,915), capital of Nangarhar prov., E Afghanistan, near the Khyber PassKhyber Pass
, narrow, steep-sided pass, 28 mi (45 km) long, winding through the Safed Koh Mts., on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border; highest point is 3,500 ft (1,067 m). The routes through it link the cities of Peshawar, Pakistan, and Kabul, Afghanistan.
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. The city dominates the entrances to the Laghman and Kunar valleys and is a leading trading center with India and Pakistan. Oranges, rice, and sugarcane grow in the fertile surrounding area, and the city has cane-processing and sugar-refining as well as papermaking industries. Jalalabad is a military center and a winter resort. Present-day Jalalabad was the major city of the ancient Greco-Buddhist center of GandharaGandhara
, historic region of India, now in NW Pakistan. Situated astride the middle Indus River, the region had Taxila and Peshawar as its chief cities. It was originally a province of the Persian Empire and was reached (327 B.C.) by Alexander the Great.
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. Babur, founder of the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 empire of India, chose the site for the modern city, which was built c.1570 by his grandson, Akbar. During the First Afghan War, British troops held (1842) Jalalabad against an Afghan siege. The Pashtus constitute most of the population. The city has a university and medical school.

Jalalabad

 

a city in southeastern Afghanistan, the center of the province of Nangarhar. Population, approximately 47,000 (1966, estimate). It is an important transit and trade-distribution point on the highway between Kabul and Peshawar, Pakistan. Jalalabad is the center of a major oasis in the valley of the Kabul River, producing such crops as sugarcane, citrus fruits, date palms, and cereals. An irrigation system built with Soviet aid waters about 30,000 hectares in the oasis.

Jalalabad

a city in NE Afghanistan, capital of Nangarhar province; a trading, military, and tourist centre on the main route between Kabul and the Khyber Pass. Pop.: 140 611 (1991 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
'All visa applicants in Jalalabad and surrounding areas within the jurisdiction of the Consulate General could now apply for visa with the Consulate General with effect from Monday 8th October 2018.'
'The issue of closure of the Pakistan Consulate General in Jalalabad due to a security crisis was also discussed.
Pakistan closed its Jalalabad consulate due to the 'unnecessary intervention' of the Nangarhar governor Hayatullah Hayat.
Jalalabad consulate: Afghan FM assures of 'positive outcome'
Pakistani immigration officials at Torkham told Dawn that prior to the closure of Jalalabad consulate, around 5,000 Afghan national used to enter Pakistan daily but the number later dropped by almost 20 per cent over visa problems and higher travel expenses.
The militant group recently turned Jalalabad into a battleground -- making it one of the most dangerous places in Afghanistan -- in response to recent US missile attacks aimed at Daesh-controlled areas.
Jalalabad, the capital of Nangarhar province, on the border with Pakistan, has a Taliban presence and is also a stronghold of the Islamic State group.
Jalalabad (Afghanistan): Afghan security forces on Wednesday killed a team of suicide bombers who targeted the Indian consulate in the eastern city of Jalalabad, following an attack in which at least six people were wounded, officials said.
"Pakistan Consul General's house in Jalalabad was closer to the blast site than the Indian mission which was 400 meters away."
"ISIS was not behind the deadly blast in Jalalabad, and we condemn such an attack.
"The blast took place near a school in Jalalabad city at around 01:00 p.m.
OSH, Aug 23, 2010 (TUR) -- Turkish executives arrived in Kyrgyzstan on Sunday to hold talks in Bishkek, Jalalabad and Osh.