Jalalabad


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Jalalabad

(jəlä'läbäd`, jəlăl`əbăd), city (1979 pop. 53,915), capital of Nangarhar prov., E Afghanistan, near the Khyber PassKhyber Pass
, narrow, steep-sided pass, 28 mi (45 km) long, winding through the Safed Koh Mts., on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border; highest point is 3,500 ft (1,067 m). The routes through it link the cities of Peshawar, Pakistan, and Kabul, Afghanistan.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The city dominates the entrances to the Laghman and Kunar valleys and is a leading trading center with India and Pakistan. Oranges, rice, and sugarcane grow in the fertile surrounding area, and the city has cane-processing and sugar-refining as well as papermaking industries. Jalalabad is a military center and a winter resort. Present-day Jalalabad was the major city of the ancient Greco-Buddhist center of GandharaGandhara
, historic region of India, now in NW Pakistan. Situated astride the middle Indus River, the region had Taxila and Peshawar as its chief cities. It was originally a province of the Persian Empire and was reached (327 B.C.) by Alexander the Great.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Babur, founder of the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
..... Click the link for more information.
 empire of India, chose the site for the modern city, which was built c.1570 by his grandson, Akbar. During the First Afghan War, British troops held (1842) Jalalabad against an Afghan siege. The Pashtus constitute most of the population. The city has a university and medical school.

Jalalabad

 

a city in southeastern Afghanistan, the center of the province of Nangarhar. Population, approximately 47,000 (1966, estimate). It is an important transit and trade-distribution point on the highway between Kabul and Peshawar, Pakistan. Jalalabad is the center of a major oasis in the valley of the Kabul River, producing such crops as sugarcane, citrus fruits, date palms, and cereals. An irrigation system built with Soviet aid waters about 30,000 hectares in the oasis.

Jalalabad

a city in NE Afghanistan, capital of Nangarhar province; a trading, military, and tourist centre on the main route between Kabul and the Khyber Pass. Pop.: 140 611 (1991 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The movement has claimed several attacks in Jalalabad, most recently last month when it targeted an office of the Save the Children aid group in the city.
That attack was claimed by Islamic State, which has a growing presence in Nangarhar, the province of which Jalalabad is the capital.
At least 35 people were killed and more than 100 others wounded detonated his explosives near the Kabul Bank branch in Kukhaberat square in Jalalabad earlier this week.
Meantime, spokesman for police in Jalalabad city, Hazrat Hussain Mashrigwal confirmed the blast and in talks with Xinhua said that "explosive device was planted near a girl school.
AFP -- The International Committee of the Red Cross has halted all staff movement across Afghanistan and closed its office in Jalalabad which was hit by a deadly suicide and gun attack.
On Tuesday, Turkish executives will visit Osh and Jalalabad provinces, where clashes occurred between Kyrgyz and Uzbek people in June.
The interim government, led by Roza Otunbayeva, said on Monday that authorities in Jalalabad had arrested a "well-known person" on suspicion of fomenting the riots.
The interim government said authorities in Jalalabad had made an arrest.
Summary: Bishkek, May 19, 2010, SPA -- One person was killed and 17 injured on Wednesday in unrest in the southern Kyrgyz city of Jalalabad where thousands of ethnic Kyrgyz stormed an Uzbek-funded university, the Health Ministry.
In early 2004, the PRT in Jalalabad needed to deal with several local warlords including:
A car bomb explodes in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad killing one and wounding another.
In March 1989, shortly after the Soviet Union withdrew the last of its military regiments from Afghanistan, Osama bin Laden and a group of foreign Islamic volunteers, the so-called Afghan-Arabs, joined indigenous mujahedeen combatants in the battle for Jalalabad, the heavily fortified gateway to Kabul.