Jalalabad

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Jalalabad

(jəlä'läbäd`, jəlăl`əbăd), city (1979 pop. 53,915), capital of Nangarhar prov., E Afghanistan, near the Khyber PassKhyber Pass
, narrow, steep-sided pass, 28 mi (45 km) long, winding through the Safed Koh Mts., on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border; highest point is 3,500 ft (1,067 m). The routes through it link the cities of Peshawar, Pakistan, and Kabul, Afghanistan.
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. The city dominates the entrances to the Laghman and Kunar valleys and is a leading trading center with India and Pakistan. Oranges, rice, and sugarcane grow in the fertile surrounding area, and the city has cane-processing and sugar-refining as well as papermaking industries. Jalalabad is a military center and a winter resort. Present-day Jalalabad was the major city of the ancient Greco-Buddhist center of GandharaGandhara
, historic region of India, now in NW Pakistan. Situated astride the middle Indus River, the region had Taxila and Peshawar as its chief cities. It was originally a province of the Persian Empire and was reached (327 B.C.) by Alexander the Great.
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. Babur, founder of the MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 empire of India, chose the site for the modern city, which was built c.1570 by his grandson, Akbar. During the First Afghan War, British troops held (1842) Jalalabad against an Afghan siege. The Pashtus constitute most of the population. The city has a university and medical school.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Jalalabad

 

a city in southeastern Afghanistan, the center of the province of Nangarhar. Population, approximately 47,000 (1966, estimate). It is an important transit and trade-distribution point on the highway between Kabul and Peshawar, Pakistan. Jalalabad is the center of a major oasis in the valley of the Kabul River, producing such crops as sugarcane, citrus fruits, date palms, and cereals. An irrigation system built with Soviet aid waters about 30,000 hectares in the oasis.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Jalalabad

a city in NE Afghanistan, capital of Nangarhar province; a trading, military, and tourist centre on the main route between Kabul and the Khyber Pass. Pop.: 140 611 (1991 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The US also orders a freeze on the assets of a group called the Afghan Support Committee, based in Peshawar, Pakistan and in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. Two individuals - Abu Bakr Al Jaziri and Abd Al Mushin Al Libi - are also added to the list of targeted entities.
Documents and other materials found in abandoned al-Qaeda training camps around Jalalabad, Afghanistan, connect terror chieftain Osama bin Laden to radical Muslim guerrillas in Bosnia and Kosovo -- provinces of the former Yugoslavia that are now United Nations protectorates.
The tape, retrieved from a house in Jalalabad, Afghanistan, is not the sort of propaganda production that has put bin Laden on the world's television screens before.
IN THE FIELD: Professor Townson with Hadji Qaddid at his home in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. He is now leader of the Eastern province, having replaced the Taliban rulers
Ms Ridley, a journalist for the Sunday Express, and two guides were detained last Friday near Jalalabad, Afghanistan, about nine miles from the Pakistan border.
ISLAMABAD: The Pakistani Consulate General in Jalalabad, Afghanistan resumed its visa operations on Monday.
Jalalabad, Afghanistan: At least seven people, including an assailant, were killed and 20 others wounded after two blasts and ensuing gunshots rocked Jalalabad city on Sunday.
An attack on the office of international NGO "Save The Children" in Jalalabad, Afghanistan on Wednesday, killed at least five people and wounded 25 others.
Deceased Nayyar Iqbal Rana, who was serving at the Consulate General of Pakistan in Jalalabad, Afghanistan, was shot by two unknown assailants on a motor bike at a shop near his residence in Jalalabad.
TEHRAN (FNA)- The Pakistan Foreign Ministry on Sunday said that two officials of its Consulate General in Jalalabad, Afghanistan have been missing for the past two days.
After hectic professional efforts, the team apprehended the gang leader namely Ghulam Mustafa S/o Aziz Khan resident of Darra Noor Sarwar Wilayat, Jalalabad, Afghanistan.
Dawson, 22, was killed in action Wednesday, April 8, 2015 while on an escort mission in Jalalabad, Afghanistan. He is survived by his parents, Michael and Rhonda (Baxendale) Dawson, and a sister, Ashley Dawson, of Whitinsville.