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Jalisco(hälē`skō), state (1990 pop. 5,302,689), 31,152 sq mi (80,684 sq km), W Mexico, bounded on the west by the Pacific. GuadalajaraGuadalajara
, city (1990 pop. 1,650,042), capital of Jalisco state, SW Mexico, second largest city of Mexico. The metropolitan area includes close to 3 million people. Guadalajara is a beautiful, spacious city on a plain more than 5,000 ft (1,524 m) high and surrounded by
..... Click the link for more information. is the capital. Jalisco is dominated by the southern end of the Sierra Madre Occidental and the western extremity of the chain of volcanic mountains extending across central Mexico, including ColimaColima
, active volcano, 12,533 ft (3,820 m) high, S Jalisco, Mexico, 78 mi (125 km) S of Guadalajara near the Colima state border. Also known as Volcán de Fuego, it is one of the most active volcanoes in Mexico, with frequent large, destructive eruptions since the 16th
..... Click the link for more information. , one of the most active volcanoes in Mexico. The hot, tropical plains of the coast are broken by spurs of the Sierra, and most of the eastern part of the state lies within the central plateau. In the central part of Jalisco is an intermontane basin containing Lake ChapalaChapala
, lake, c.50 mi (80 km) long and 8 mi (12.8 km) wide, W Mexico, in Jalisco and Michoacán states. It is the largest lake in Mexico. Set in a depression on the central plateau, Lake Chapala is fed by the Lerma River, which flows into it from the east, and is drained
..... Click the link for more information. , Mexico's largest lake; it is drained by the Lerma-Santiago system.
Because of the variety of climate, landform, and elevation, nearly every kind of fruit and vegetable grows somewhere in Jalisco. Corn and wheat from the central plateau make it known as the "granary of Mexico"; rice and wheat are grown in the south; and the mountains yield timber and minerals (especially iron, silver, some gold, and precious stones). The raising of livestock and the production of food products and blue agave for tequila are also important.
Although Jalisco was explored as early as 1522, a serious invasion of the area, later included in Nueva GaliciaNueva Galicia
, Spanish colonial administrative region, W Mexico, comprising roughly the present states of Jalisco and Nayarit with S Sinaloa. Conquered (1529–31) by Nuño de Guzmán and later governed by Francisco Vásquez de Coronado, the territory was
..... Click the link for more information. , was not undertaken until 1529 by Nuño de GuzmánGuzmán, Nuño de
, or Núñez Beltrán de Guzmán
, d. 1544, Spanish conquistador. After serving as governor of Panuco in NE Mexico, he became president of the first audiencia of New Spain (1528).
..... Click the link for more information. . Shortly before the War of the Reform (1858–61), Jalisco became a leading state in the great liberal revolution heralded by the Plan of AyutlaAyutla
, town (1990 pop. 6,214), Guerrero state, S Mexico. Its full name is Ayutla de los Libres [Ayutla of the free]. It is the commercial center for an agricultural, cattle-raising, and lumbering area.
..... Click the link for more information. . It was occupied by the French in the wars of intervention but was recaptured in 1866. In 1884 the territory of NayaritNayarit
, state (1990 pop. 824,643), 10,547 sq mi (27,317 sq km), W Mexico, on the Pacific Ocean. Tepic is the capital. Mostly wild and rugged, Nayarit is broken by western spurs of the Sierra Madre Occidental.
..... Click the link for more information. was separated from Jalisco. There has been significant outmigration from Jalisco to the United States in recent years.
a state in Mexico, in the southwestern part of the Meseta Central. Area, 80,100 sq km. Population, 4,030,000 (1975). Guadalajara is the capital and chief industrial center of the state.
The most important sector of the economy in Jalisco is agriculture. Approximately one-fourth of Mexico’s harvest of corn and legumes comes from Jalisco, and peanuts and such vegetables as rice are grown on irrigated lands. Industry includes food processing, machine building, timber processing, and the manufacture of chemical products and textiles. There is fishing on Lake Chapala.