James Abbott Mcneill Whistler


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Whistler, James Abbott Mcneill

 

Born July 10, 1834, in Lowell, Mass.; died July 17,1903, in London. American painter, etcher, and lithographer.

The son of a military engineer, Whistler spent most of his years in Europe. From 1843 to 1849, he lived in St. Petersburg, where he regularly visited the Academy of Fine Arts; from 1855 to 1859, he was in Paris, studying at the studio of C. Gleyre. He settled in London, residing there from 1859 to 1884 and again from 1896 to 1903.

Whistler was influenced by the style of G. Courbet and by Japanese art, and his work displayed a kinship with that of the French impressionists. His portraits, for example, combine a spare composition with a refined musicality of linear rhythms and tonal harmonies. These qualities are evident in, among other paintings, Symphony in White, No. 1: The White Girl (1862, National Gallery Washington, D.C.); Arrangement in Grey and Black, No. 1: the Artist’s Mother (1871, Louvre Museum, Paris); Miss Cicely Alexander: Harmony in Grey and Green (1872–74, National Gallery, London); and Portrait of Théodore Duret (1883, Metropolitan Museum, New York). A self-portrait, Arrangement in Grey (1871–73), hangs in the Detroit Institute of Arts.

In his paintings, Whistler strove for striking pictorial effects. The impression of vibrant movement produced, for example, in his nocturnal landscapes seems at times almost unreal, as in Old Battersea Bridge: Nocturne—Blue and Gold (1872–75, Tate Gallery, London). Whistler was also a master etcher, as demonstrated by the series of etchings he executed in Venice in 1879 and 1880.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Iziashchnoe iskusstvo sozdavat’ sebe vragov. [Compiled, translated, and annotated, with an introductory article, by E. A. Nekrasova.] Moscow, 1970.

REFERENCES

McMullen, R. Victorian Outsider: James McNeill Whistler. [London-Basingstoke, 1974.
Weintraub, S. Whistler: A Biography. New York, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
Painters such as William Morris Hunt, John La Farge, and James Abbott McNeill Whistler were influenced by the prominent French schools.
Visit the Amdur Productions' ArtZipper booth, where a special "green" screen will be in place for attendees to be part of such world-renowned pieces as "Paris Street; Rainy Day" by Gustave Caillebotte; "Starry Night" by Vincent van Gogh; "Whistler's Mother" by James Abbott McNeill Whistler; and several others.
A libel suit by James Abbott McNeill Whistler against the English critic John Ruskin grew out of the exhibition of Whistler's The Falling Rocket.
Visit the Amdur Productions' ArtZipper booth, where a special "green" screen will be in place for attendees to be part of such world-renowned pieces as "Paris Street"; "Rainy Day" by Gustave Caillebotte; "Starry Night" by Vincent van Gogh; "Whistler's Mother" by James Abbott McNeill Whistler and several others.
James Abbott McNeill Whistler was elected president of the Royal Society of British Artists.