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Born 1739, in Scotland; died 1808. English bourgeois economist; wrote chiefly on the agrarian question.
Anderson was a major farmer and a supporter of agrarian protectionism. Long before D. Ricardo, Anderson gave what was on the whole an accurate description of the mechanism of the formation of differential rent. In Marx’s words, Anderson was “the original creator of the contemporary theory of rent” (Marx, K., and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 25, part 2, p. 169).
WORKSAn Inquiry Into the Causes That Have Hitherto Retarded the Advancement of Agriculture in Europe. Edinburgh, 1779.
Essays Relating to Agriculture and Rural Affairs, vols. 1–3. Edinburgh-London, 1775–96.
Recreations in Agriculture, Natural-History, Arts and Miscellaneous Literature, vols. 1–6. London, 1799–1802. Drei Schriften iiber Korngesetz und Grundrente. Leipzig, 1893.