James Bay Project

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James Bay Project,

a colossal hydroelectric development of the rivers emptying into the E James Bay, central Quebec, Canada. La Grande Phase I, finished in 1985, created the world's largest underground powerhouse, a tiered spillway on La Grande River three times the height of Niagara FallsNiagara Falls,
in the Niagara River, W N.Y. and S Ont., Canada; one of the most famous spectacles in North America. The falls are on the international line between the cities of Niagara Falls, N.Y., and Niagara Falls, Ont.
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, and five reservoirs that total half the volume of Lake Ontario. La Grande Phase II, involving the redirection of flow from the Eastmain, Laforge, and Caniapiscau rivers into La Grande, was largely completed when further work was suspended in 1994. For much of its history up to that point the project had evoked a tremendous response from environmentalists and the CreeCree,
Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languages). They formerly inhabited the area S of Hudson Bay and James Bay in what is now Quebec, Ontario, and Manitoba S of the
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, who claimed that the project was destroying the region and disrupting the lives of the native population as rivers were diverted, forests incinerated, and wilderness areas inundated. The Great Whale Project, involving the diversion of the Little Whale and Nastapoca rivers into the Great Whale River, and the NBR Project, involving the diversion of the Rupert and Nottaway rivers into the Broadback River basin, were also suspended; no construction on either had begun. In 2002 an agreement with the Cree cleared the way for completion of La Grande Phase II and the diversion of the upper Rupert River into the La Grande (via the Eastmain and other diverted rivers). The NBR Project was canceled.
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References in periodicals archive ?
- James Bay Project in Canada provides valuable potential to be a future supplier into the rapidly growing North American market.
- The James Bay project, a longer term development project which presents a future opportunity to supply the North American market; and
A key development was the James Bay project, and the consequent James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (La Convention de la Baie James et du Nord Quebecois), which for Qumaq and the people of Puvirnituq, Ivujivik, and Salluit was a betrayal, symbolizing a loss of autonomy.
First Nations opposition to the James Bay Project in Quebec is mentioned briefly in the introduction, but the province drops out of sight for the remainder of the book.
Robert Bourassa had announced the James Bay Project and Billy was taking the government to court.
This book adds to an extensive literature on the James Bay Project. Appearing in 1999, five years after the postponement of the Great Whale Project, the contributors attempt an interdisciplinary examination of 'core issues of the controversy' (back cover) with the intent 'to broaden the context within which specific issues can be debated' (xiii).
For example, Quebec Hydro's James Bay Project diverted three rivers into La Grande Riviere.
The James Bay project, which has hewn dozens of dams into a region rich with glacial rivers, already generates about as much power as five Three Mile Island stations.
For a compelling account of the controversy read Sean McCutcheon's Electric Rivers: The Story of the James Bay Project (Black Rose Books, c/o Paul & Company, 360 W.
Hydro-Quebec initiated Phase I of the James Bay Project in 1970, but it was not until the mid-1980s that the particular confluence of forces that undergird the project--state, corporate and international--began to emerge with any clarity.