James Beaumont Neilson


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Neilson, James Beaumont

 

Born June 22, 1792, in Shettleston, near Glasgow; died Jan. 18, 1865, in Queen’s Hill, County Kirkcudbright. English inventor. Son of a factory foreman.

Because of his family’s poverty, Neilson could not pursue an engineering education. In 1825 he began experiments on drawing hot air into a blast furnace. In 1828 he received a patent, and in 1829 he set up the hot-blast process in the Clyde Ironworks in Scotland. The air was heated to approximately 150°C in V-shaped cast-iron pipes passing through the firebox.

REFERENCES

Smiles, S. Biografii promyshlennykh deiatelei: Zhelezopromyshlenniki i fabrikanty zheleznykh izdelii. St. Petersburg, 1903. (Translated from English.)
Mezenin, N. A. Povest’ o masierakh zheleznogo dela. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
David Thomas, from the Swansea Valley, was responsible for accelerating Britain's earth-shaking industrial revolution in the UK in the 1830s by using James Beaumont Neilson's hot blast invention to smelt iron ore and anthracite coal, resulting in anthracite iron, the first person in the UK to do so.