James Beaumont Neilson

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Neilson, James Beaumont


Born June 22, 1792, in Shettleston, near Glasgow; died Jan. 18, 1865, in Queen’s Hill, County Kirkcudbright. English inventor. Son of a factory foreman.

Because of his family’s poverty, Neilson could not pursue an engineering education. In 1825 he began experiments on drawing hot air into a blast furnace. In 1828 he received a patent, and in 1829 he set up the hot-blast process in the Clyde Ironworks in Scotland. The air was heated to approximately 150°C in V-shaped cast-iron pipes passing through the firebox.


Smiles, S. Biografii promyshlennykh deiatelei: Zhelezopromyshlenniki i fabrikanty zheleznykh izdelii. St. Petersburg, 1903. (Translated from English.)
Mezenin, N. A. Povest’ o masierakh zheleznogo dela. Moscow, 1973.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
David Thomas, from the Swansea Valley, was responsible for accelerating Britain's earth-shaking industrial revolution in the UK in the 1830s by using James Beaumont Neilson's hot blast invention to smelt iron ore and anthracite coal, resulting in anthracite iron, the first person in the UK to do so.