Braid, James

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Braid, James,

1795?–1860, English surgeon and writer on hypnotism and magic. The first to use the term hypnotism instead of mesmerism or animal magnetism, he also demonstrated that it was achieved by suggestion. His writings prepared the way for investigations into what was later called the unconscious mind.
References in periodicals archive ?
The course as we know it today really took shape in 1939 when world renowned golf course designer James Braid was called in for advice.
Only four other golfers - Harry Vardon, JH Taylor, James Braid and Tom Watson - have won as many Open Championships.
He went on to win The Open a further four times over the next decade - a record only matched by Tom Watson and Scotsman James Braid in the 20th century.
James Braid coined the word 'hypnosis', but he was a sceptic of all kinds of mesmerism.
The course was designed by James Braid, a five-times Open Champion and renowned golf course architect.
James Braid (who experimented with mesmerism and hypnotism) and the golfer James Braid who won the Open five times, were known to be hardy Highlanders.
Located there since 1926 the James Braid course was re-designed in 1995 by course architect, Patrick Merrigan.
The then Caledonian Railway Company commissioned five-time Open Champion James Braid to build two championship courses at the gateway to the Scottish Highlands in Perthshire.
MAJOR WINS 18 Jack Nicklaus 14 Tiger Woods 11 Walter Hagen 9 Ben Hogan, Gary Player 8 Tom Watson 7 Harry Vardon, Gene Sarazen, Bobby Jones, Sam Snead, Arnold Palmer 6 Lee Trevino, Nick Faldo 5 James Braid, JH Taylo, Byron Nelson, Peter Thomson, Seve Ballesteros, Phil Mickelson WINNERS OF ALL FOUR MAJORS Gene Sarazen - 1922 US Open, 1922 US PGA, 1932 Open, 1935 Masters (40 events) Ben Hogan - 1946 US PGA, 1948 US Open, 1951 Masters, 1953 Open (28) Gary Player - 1959 Open, 1961 Masters, 1962 US PGA, 1965 US Open (24) Jack Nicklaus - 1962 US Open, 1963 Masters, 1963 US PGA, 1966 Open (18) Tiger Woods - 1997 Masters, 1999 US PGA, 2000 US Open, 2000 Open (15) | For Nicklaus and Woods only their first Grand Slam cycle is shown.
Last week he made contact with Sir Nick Faldo, the only living golfer to have won The Open twice at Muirfield in 1987 and 1992 -- the other being James Braid in 1901 and 1906 -- to see if he could get a practice round with him.
Year Winner Score 2002 Ernie Els -6 1992 Nick Faldo -12 1987 Nick Faldo -5 1980 Tom Watson -13 1972 Lee Trevino -6 1966 Jack Nicklaus -2 1959 Gary Player Par 1948 Henry Cotton Par 1935 Alf Perry -1 1929 Walter Hagen +8 1912 Ted Ray +11 1906 James Braid +16 1901 James Braid +25 1896 Harry Vardon +32 1892 Harold Hilton +21 (Amateur) CARD OF THE COURSE Hole Yards Par 1 447 4 2 364 4 3 377 4 4 226 3 5 559 5 6 461 4 7 184 3 8 441 4 9 554 5 Out: 3613 36 Hole Yards Par 10 469 4 11 387 4 12 379 4 13 190 3 14 475 4 15 448 4 16 186 3 17 575 5 18 470 4 In: 3579 35 Total: 7192 71