James Burnham


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Burnham, James

 

Born Nov. 22, 1905, in Chicago. American sociologist. University professor in New York (1929–53).

Burnham proposed the theory of a “managerial revolution” (the book The Managerial Revolution, 1941). Making a fetish of the real process of separation of the functions of management from those of ownership, he asserted that a new ruling class of organizers was rising (higher engineers, administrators, and managers). This class was allegedly independent of capitalist property and capable of administering in the interests of the whole society.

Burnham is essentially an apologist for state monopoly capitalism and the totalitarian power of the minority. He asserts that the relationships of dominance and subordination are necessary conditions for the existence of society. Burnham is an open enemy of Marxism and the socialist countries.

WORKS

The Managerial Revolution. New York, 1941.
Machiavellians: Defenders of Freedom. Toronto, 1943.
Containment or Liberation . . . ? Toronto, 1953.
Web of Subversion. Toronto, 1954.
Suicide of the West. New York, 1964.

REFERENCES

Osipov, G. V. Tekhnika i obshchestvennyi progress. Moscow, 1959.
Gvishiani, D. M. Sotsiologiia biznesa. Moscow, 1962.

I. S. DOBRONRAVOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The attorney who was leading the team, James Burnham, "indicated it was a logical breaking point since a new decision would be made and the issue going forward would hopefully be separate from the historical debates," Barr said.
Justice Department lawyer James Burnham said in court Wednesday that the president has broad discretion to choose who gets access to the White House.
When National Review senior editor James Burnham filed a column critical of Nixon's foreign policy with the headline "The Kissinger Doctrine," Buckley changed it to "The Sonnenfeldt Doctrine," after Kissinger's deputy.
For the intellectuals inhabiting the special section of the issue--WFB, Eugene Genovese (Marxist critic of the New Left), James Burnham (ex-Trotskyist, later a leading conservative thinker), Frank S.
My own essay, on Jonah Goldberg's new book, Suicide of the West, and its 1964 namesake by James Burnham, looks at the role liberalism has played in our civilization's loss of strength and cohesion.
Kennan, or liberation, as advocated by James Burnham, would be the guiding postwar doctrine of American foreign policy.
How could anyone hope to recount the tale of the "American Century" with men as disparate as Whittaker Chambers, James Burnham, Ronald Reagan, Norman Podhoretz, David Horowitz and Christopher Hitchens?
More than anyone else, it was James Burnham, a Trotskyite-turned-conservative who co-founded the magazine National Review with William F Buckley Jr in 1955, who made antipathy toward diplomacy a cornerstone of modern conservative policy.
"Suicide of the West at 50" In December, 2014, Yale University hosted a discussion by scholars on the continuing relevance of James Burnham's 1964 book, Suicide of the West.
Indeed, George Kennan, Walter Lippmann, James Burnham, and Raymond Aron were among those who viewed the Cold War through Mackinderesque lenses.
In 1959, conservative political scientist James Burnham, in Congress and the American Tradition, wrote that "the political death of Congress would mean plebiscitary despotism for the United States in place of constitutional government, and thus the end of political liberty."
Antle quotes James Burnham as saying, "If something cannot go on forever, it will stop." (Surely, he should have attributed the aphorism to Herbert Stein--though it does have the Burnham ring.) A society that lives on borrowed money lives on borrowed time as well.