Wild Bill Hickok

(redirected from James Butler Hickok)
Wild Bill Hickok
James Butler Hickok
BirthplaceTroy Grove, Illinois, US
Lawman, gunfighter, gambler

Hickok, Wild Bill,

1837–76, American frontier marshal, b. Troy Grove, near Ottawa, Ill. His real name was James Butler Hickok. He took part in the Kansas struggle preceeding the Civil War, was a driver of the Butterfield stage line, and gained fame as a gunfighter. He served as a Union scout in the Civil War. After the war he became deputy U.S. marshal at Fort Riley (1866), marshal of Hays, Kans. (1869), and marshal of Abilene (1871). His reputation as a marksman in desperate encounters with outlaws made him a figure of frontier legend. After a tour of the East with Buffalo BillBuffalo Bill,
1846–1917, American plainsman, scout, and showman, b. near Davenport, Iowa. His real name was William Frederick Cody. His family moved (1854) to Kansas, and after the death of his father (1857) he set out to earn the family living, working for supply trains
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 (1872–73), Hickok went to Deadwood (now in S.Dak.) where he was murdered by Jack McCall.


See biographies by R. O'Connor (1959) and J. G. Rosa (1964).

References in periodicals archive ?
He was born James Butler Hickok in 1837 to English parents, and by the age of 12 had gained a reputation as a gifted marksmen.
James Butler Hickok started dressing in western clothing complete with a replica pistol from the age of 20 - and changed his name by deed poll to Wild Bill's real name.
The tale of Calamity Jane (really Martha Jane Cannary Burke) and her romance with Wild Bill Hickok (or James Butler Hickok as he was known to his mum and dad) was told in the successful film starring Doris Day and Howard Keel, released in 1953.