Leonard James Callaghan

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Callaghan, Leonard James

 

Born Mar. 27, 1912, in Portsmouth. British state and political figure.

Callaghan, son of a naval petty officer, became a tax officer on completing secondary school at the age of 16. In 1936 he became a full-time trade union official. He served in the navy during World War II, and in 1945 he was elected a Labour member of the House of Commons. Callaghan became a member of the party’s National Executive Committee in 1957. Under H. Wilson, he served as chancellor of the exchequer from 1964 to 1967, home secretary from 1967 to 1970, and secretary of state for foreign and Commonwealth affairs from 1974 to 1976. From 1976 to 1979, Callaghan was prime minister of Great Britain, and from 1976 to 1980 he was leader of the Labour Party.

References in periodicals archive ?
He once met James Callaghan and the former Labour leader asked Derek whether he'd heard of telephone canvassing, which had just been introduced.
Footage shows yob Christopher James Callaghan abusing shop staff and then spitting over the counter in a woman's face.
James Callaghan, MP for Cardiff South-East, George Thomas, MP for Cardiff West, Coun Harry Miles, Aneurin Bevan, MP for Ebbw Vale, and S Davies, MP for Merthyr Tydfil, at the Miners' Gala Day in Cardiff in June 1954
1966: Chancellor of the Exchequer James Callaghan said Britain would switch to decimal currency from 1971.
Mr Dixon credited/blamed Labour's James Callaghan, as Chancellor, with this.
The box, which is classed as a public record, was made for Gladstone in 1860 and has been used by every chancellor since apart from James Callaghan and Gordon Brown.
It was not the then Mrs Thatcher who was responsible for pit closures, but the result of the industry's own militancy, aided and abetted by smoke-filled meetings at No 10 Downing Street during the tenancy of James Callaghan.
Scots should remember the way Prime Minister James Callaghan was betrayed by the SNP in 1979.
A shocked Prime Minister James Callaghan described the situation as a "scandal" when he learnt how far the forces had been depleted, and called for heads to roll.
On January 10th, 1979, the Labour Prime Minister, James Callaghan, returned from the Guadeloupe summit in the sunny Caribbean to a snow-bound Britain paralysed by strikes, go-slows and 'work to rules'.
For example, the Labour Party (which ruled for the first three and last 10) has had as its leaders James Callaghan (Welsh); Michael Foot (Welsh); Neil Kinnock (Welsh); John Smith (Scottish); and Tony Blair (English but Scottish-educated).
James Callaghan was the longest-living Prime Minister in British history and the only man to hold the four offices of PM, Chancellor, Foreign Secretary and Home Secretary.