James Connolly


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Connolly, James

 

Born June 5, 1868, in Edinburgh; died May 12, 1916, in Dublin. Irish revolutionary and fighter for the independence of Ireland.

In the 1880’s, Connolly was active in the strike movement and studied the works of K. Marx and F. Engels. In 1896 he founded the Irish Socialist Republican Party in Dublin—a party that aimed at combining the struggle for socialism and the struggle for national liberation. He lived in the USA between 1903 and 1910, participating in the socialist movement and in the founding of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). After returning to Ireland in 1910, Connolly joined J. Larkin as leader of the largest trade union of transportation and unskilled workers. He led the Dublin Strike of 1913.

Despite his syndicalist errors, Connolly made a great contribution to the dissemination of Marxism. He wrote many works on the political and ideological struggle, the history of the workers’ and national liberation movement, economics, and military affairs. One of the main leaders of the Irish Uprising of 1916 against British imperialism, Connolly joined other leaders of the rebellion in signing a proclamation that declared an independent Irish Republic. After the defeat of the uprising Connolly, gravely wounded, was captured by British authorities and shot.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Rabochii klass v istorii Irlandii: Otvoevanie Irlandii Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Orlova, M. E. “Iz istorii rasprostraneniia marksizma v Irlandii.” In the collection Iz istorii marksizma i mezhdunarodnogo rabochego dvizheniia. Moscow, 1963.
Greaves, C. D. The Life and Times of James Connolly. London, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
MICHAEL D Higgins is to open the new James Connolly Visitor Centre in West Belfast tomorrow.
CARSON nach biodh iomhaigh de James Connolly ann an Dun Eideann, far an do rugadh e?
Senior James Connolly had a game-high 25 points on three 3-pointers and sophomore Ryan Connolly was right behind with 23 points.
She was last seen leaving James Connolly Hospital with a man, whom they tracked down and quizzed in Romania.
Synopsis: "The Angel's Lamp" by Ashby Jones is set in war-torn Ireland just after the Easter Rising, and centers around a love affair between Johnny Flynn, an Irish-bred, English staff-sergeant in charge of the rebellion's soon-to-be executed leaders, and Nora Connolly, the firebrand daughter of James Connolly, the uprising's charismatic leader.
The novel centers around a love affair between Johnny Flynn, an Irish-bred, English staff-sergeant in charge of the rebellion's soon-to-be executed leaders, and Nora Connolly, the firebrand daughter of James Connolly, the uprising's charismatic leader.
James Connolly netted the first from outside the penalty area in the fifth minute, and with his team dominating play, John Leuffa crashed in the second off the underside of the bar, also from long range.
The first book of the series chronicles the life of James Connolly, union organizer and commander-in-chief of the Provisional Government of Ireland.
O'Donnell was, of course, a major critic of what he saw as the Labour Party's abandonment of the James Connolly inspired Irish Socialist Republic.
Dr Adrian McGoldrick, chief medical officer with the Turf Club, said yesterday: "Fran was transferred from hospital in Clonmel to James Connolly Hospital in Blanchardstown in Dublin on Thursday night.
Berry was initially taken to South Tipperary General Hospital before being transferred to James Connolly Blanchardstown Hospital in Dublin.
Synge and James Connolly are heavily considered as both readers of, and writers in response to, Shaw.