James Connolly


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Connolly, James

 

Born June 5, 1868, in Edinburgh; died May 12, 1916, in Dublin. Irish revolutionary and fighter for the independence of Ireland.

In the 1880’s, Connolly was active in the strike movement and studied the works of K. Marx and F. Engels. In 1896 he founded the Irish Socialist Republican Party in Dublin—a party that aimed at combining the struggle for socialism and the struggle for national liberation. He lived in the USA between 1903 and 1910, participating in the socialist movement and in the founding of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). After returning to Ireland in 1910, Connolly joined J. Larkin as leader of the largest trade union of transportation and unskilled workers. He led the Dublin Strike of 1913.

Despite his syndicalist errors, Connolly made a great contribution to the dissemination of Marxism. He wrote many works on the political and ideological struggle, the history of the workers’ and national liberation movement, economics, and military affairs. One of the main leaders of the Irish Uprising of 1916 against British imperialism, Connolly joined other leaders of the rebellion in signing a proclamation that declared an independent Irish Republic. After the defeat of the uprising Connolly, gravely wounded, was captured by British authorities and shot.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Rabochii klass v istorii Irlandii: Otvoevanie Irlandii Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Orlova, M. E. “Iz istorii rasprostraneniia marksizma v Irlandii.” In the collection Iz istorii marksizma i mezhdunarodnogo rabochego dvizheniia. Moscow, 1963.
Greaves, C. D. The Life and Times of James Connolly. London, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
James Connolly-Heron, great-grandson of Labour Party founder James Connolly, said the event is full of contradictions.
And just when he was able to return on the bench, James Connolly was ruled out of Saturday's FA Trophy tie with Whitby Town after a car accident.
MARINE have described as ``derisory'' two offers from Southport for central defender James Connolly.
It is believed he was hit three times in the upper body and was conscious when taken from the packed pub to James Connolly Memorial Hospital in Blanchardstown.
Bridlington nearly took the lead on 10 minutes when James Connolly gave the ball away.
Also, withEdinburgh-born James Connolly,he helped form the Irish Citizens Army to fight the British in Dublin.
But James Connolly has almost been forgotten by his country, claims broadcaster Joe Duffy.
Added to this James Connolly was suspended for the defeat at Ossett, Paul Culshaw has been released and Mike Scully who made a successful start to his short Marine career has left to concentrate on the family business.
Senior James Connolly had a game-high 25 points on three 3-pointers and sophomore Ryan Connolly was right behind with 23 points.
The James Connolly Interpretive Centre on the Falls Road in West Belfast is one of a number of projects across the city with ratepayers' cash in the pipeline.
She was last seen leaving James Connolly Hospital with a man, whom they tracked down and quizzed in Romania.
Synopsis: "The Angel's Lamp" by Ashby Jones is set in war-torn Ireland just after the Easter Rising, and centers around a love affair between Johnny Flynn, an Irish-bred, English staff-sergeant in charge of the rebellion's soon-to-be executed leaders, and Nora Connolly, the firebrand daughter of James Connolly, the uprising's charismatic leader.