James Ewell Brown Stuart

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Stuart, James Ewell Brown


Born Feb. 6, 1833, in Patrick County, Va.; died May 12, 1864, in Richmond, Va. American military commander; major general (1862).

After graduating from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1854, Stuart served in the wars of extermination against the Indians. During the American Civil War (1861–65), he showed himself to be a brilliant and resourceful commander of the Confederate Army of the Southern slaveholding states. He commanded a separate cavalry detachment and then a cavalry corps. He took part in the battles of First and Second Bull Run (1861 and 1862) and Fredericksburg (1862). He conducted a number of successful cavalry raids deep in the rear of the Northern army. On May 11, 1864, during a clash at Yellow Tavern (near Richmond) with Northern cavalrymen commanded by General P. Sheridan, Stuart was mortally wounded.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lee, Edmund Ruffin, James Ewell Brown Stuart and the Civil War" details the thinking of iconic historical figures with flaws of their own, and demonstrates their struggles during that bloody conflict that sometimes pitted brother against brother.
Denning McTague, who runs a website that sells rare books, stole a treasure trove of priceless documents, including the War Department's announcement of President Lincoln's death, a letter from Civil War-era cavalryman James Ewell Brown Stuart, and telegrams about troops' weaponry.
How and why Lee's cavalry commander, James Ewell Brown Stuart, comes to be out of communications with his army commander during seven crucial days of the Gettysburg campaign is examined, with blame apportioned equally among Lee, Stuart, and James Longstreet, the senior corps commander in the Army of Northern Virginia.