Frazer, Sir James George

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Frazer, Sir James George,

1854–1941, Scottish classicist and anthropologist, b. Glasgow, educated at the universities of Glasgow and Cambridge. He is known especially for his masterpiece, The Golden Bough, published originally in two volumes (1890); in later editions it was enlarged to 13 volumes. A monumental study in comparative folklore, magic, and religion, it showed parallels between the rites and beliefs of early cultures and those of Christianity. The work had a great impact on the early 20th cent., its influence extending to psychology and literature. An abridged one-volume edition was published by the author in 1923. A new one-volume version, cut and annotated by T. H. Gaster, appeared in 1959 as The New Golden Bough. Frazer's other writings include Totemism and Exogamy (1910) and its supplement, Totemica (1937); The Belief in Immortality and the Worship of the Dead (3 vol., 1913–24); Folklore in the Old Testament (1919, abr. ed. 1923); and Anthologia Anthropologica, ed. by R. A. Downie (4 vol., 1938–39).

Bibliography

See studies by R. A. Downie (1940), B. Malinowski (in A Scientific Theory of Culture, 1944, repr. 1960), J. B. Vickery (1973), and R. Ackerman (1987).

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Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Best known as author of the twelve-volume The Golden Bough, first published in 1890, Sir James George Frazer was a British anthropologist, folklorist and classical scholar. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on January 1, 1854. He attended Glasgow University and then Trinity College, Cambridge, becoming a fellow of that college in 1879.

Frazer's interest in comparative religion grew as a result of his association with W. Robertson Smith at Cambridge. At the age of 36, Frazer published the twelvevolume work, The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion, which was his theory of religious and magical development. His distinction between magic and religion has greatly influenced anthropological thought since that time.

The Golden Bough was reissued in 1907 and then appeared in a one-volume abridged version in 1922 and in a two-volume paperback in 1957. The wealth of information contained in the work is constantly utilized by Witches and Pagans.

The Witch Book: The Encyclopedia of Witchcraft, Wicca, and Neo-paganism © 2002 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.
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FINAL TOTALS: 277 - Rhys Pugh (Vale of Glamorgan) 68-71-72-66; 278 - James Frazer (Pennard) 71-74-62-71; 279 - Thomas Sorensen (Denmark) 69-67-71-72; 280 - Goncalo Pinto (Portugal) 68-68-68-76; Kevin Phelan (Ireland) 73-66-70-71; Pontus Widegren (Portugal) 71-67-65-77.
The best-known work of this type is Sir James Frazer's The Golden Bough (1890).
As DeLacy O'Leary pointed out in Arabia Before Muhammad, "The majority of the present Palestinian peasants are descendants of those who preceded the Israelites."(8) In The Golden Bough, the British anthropologist Sir James Frazer (1854-1941) stressed that, "the Arabic-speaking peasants of Palestine are the progeny of the tribes which settled in the country before the Israelite invasion.
Particular culprits are those scholars of earlier generations, like Sir James Frazer and Margaret Murray, who built confident visions of old Europe on no secure factual basis at all.
The methodology he employs is a modern adaptation of the encyclopedic comparison associated with Sir James Frazer, as White explicitly acknowledges (p.
Faulkner's willingness to handle the Bible and Sir James Frazer so thoroughly and with such distortion and irony becomes evidence of his allegiance to modernism.
According to the great Scottish anthropologist, Sir James Frazer, among the Druidic Celts the "old word for sanctuary [in its primary definition as a place of worship] seems to be identical in origin and meaning with the Latin nemus, a grove or woodland glade."
James Frazer Richardson, 27, of Pottery Walk, Thornaby, disqualified from driving for 20 months, fined PS230 and ordered to pay PS258 costs for drinkdriving.
Two Welshman will be teeing it up at Lumine Golf Club, in Tarragona, with Swansea's James Frazer, who turned professional 12 months ago after a season which he finished second to Rhys Pugh in the European Amateur Championship and sixth in the World Championship, joined by Wrexham's Garry Houston.
James Frazer was the next best placed Welshman in tied 20th on level par, while Cornish-based Rhys Enoch finished tied 41st.
Labour leader Sir Albert Bore adopted a tone similar to that of the Dad's Army character, and fellow Scot, Pte James Frazer who forever warned 'We're Doomed', when he told the press that ''it's the end of local government as we know it''.
Haskell failed to make the cut at the Gold Cross and Jones will be hoping that home advantage can take him through to a second round match with fouth seed James Frazer of Pennard.