Frazer, Sir James George

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Frazer, Sir James George,

1854–1941, Scottish classicist and anthropologist, b. Glasgow, educated at the universities of Glasgow and Cambridge. He is known especially for his masterpiece, The Golden Bough, published originally in two volumes (1890); in later editions it was enlarged to 13 volumes. A monumental study in comparative folklore, magic, and religion, it showed parallels between the rites and beliefs of early cultures and those of Christianity. The work had a great impact on the early 20th cent., its influence extending to psychology and literature. An abridged one-volume edition was published by the author in 1923. A new one-volume version, cut and annotated by T. H. Gaster, appeared in 1959 as The New Golden Bough. Frazer's other writings include Totemism and Exogamy (1910) and its supplement, Totemica (1937); The Belief in Immortality and the Worship of the Dead (3 vol., 1913–24); Folklore in the Old Testament (1919, abr. ed. 1923); and Anthologia Anthropologica, ed. by R. A. Downie (4 vol., 1938–39).


See studies by R. A. Downie (1940), B. Malinowski (in A Scientific Theory of Culture, 1944, repr. 1960), J. B. Vickery (1973), and R. Ackerman (1987).

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Best known as author of the twelve-volume The Golden Bough, first published in 1890, Sir James George Frazer was a British anthropologist, folklorist and classical scholar. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on January 1, 1854. He attended Glasgow University and then Trinity College, Cambridge, becoming a fellow of that college in 1879.

Frazer's interest in comparative religion grew as a result of his association with W. Robertson Smith at Cambridge. At the age of 36, Frazer published the twelvevolume work, The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion, which was his theory of religious and magical development. His distinction between magic and religion has greatly influenced anthropological thought since that time.

The Golden Bough was reissued in 1907 and then appeared in a one-volume abridged version in 1922 and in a two-volume paperback in 1957. The wealth of information contained in the work is constantly utilized by Witches and Pagans.

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Sir Albert Bore adopted a tone similar to that of the Dad's Army character'' Pte James Frazer who forever warned 'We're Doomed', when he told the press that 'it's the end of Local Government as we know it'.
James Frazer was out in 36, but his homeward half was like the parson's egg - he had three pars, three birdies, two bogeys and a double bogey, but is still very much in contention just four strokes off the pace.
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Wilhelm Mannhardt, Sir James Frazer, and Stith Thompson employed the comparative approach to collect and classify the themes of folklore and mythology.
Like Sir James Frazer of old she maintains that "[s]imilar stories are told about the other great goddesses - Inana, Ishtar and Isis - who search for the dead god and bring new life to the soil"(11).
James Frazer was the next best placed Welshman in tied 20th on level par while Cornish-based Rhys Enoch, who made all four days at the Celtic Manor, failed to build on his good work finishing five over in tied 41st.
The TIBS goal came courtesy of Mason Keogh, with Sam Connolly, James Frazer, Ian Glasgow and Matthew Hickman all on target for the home side.
Pennard amateur James Frazer was a shot further back from Manley on three under while Prestatyn's Jason Shufflebotham was three over and last autumn's Walker Cup hero Rhys Pugh was five over.
Also competing at St Annes is another Welsh amateur international James Frazer from Pennard, while St Pierre assistant Richard Bentham is at West Lancs.
Jo Vickery who reached the semi-finals of the Amateur championship at Turnberry in June and James Frazer, who got to the last eight, are both newcomers in the line-up for the internationals being staged from September 3.
James Frazer abused two teenage girls in Sunderland during the 1980s and ensured their silence by issuing sinister threats.
Among the thinkers he profiles are Max Muller, James Frazer, Max Weber, and Mircea Eliade.