Frazer, Sir James George

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Frazer, Sir James George,

1854–1941, Scottish classicist and anthropologist, b. Glasgow, educated at the universities of Glasgow and Cambridge. He is known especially for his masterpiece, The Golden Bough, published originally in two volumes (1890); in later editions it was enlarged to 13 volumes. A monumental study in comparative folklore, magic, and religion, it showed parallels between the rites and beliefs of early cultures and those of Christianity. The work had a great impact on the early 20th cent., its influence extending to psychology and literature. An abridged one-volume edition was published by the author in 1923. A new one-volume version, cut and annotated by T. H. Gaster, appeared in 1959 as The New Golden Bough. Frazer's other writings include Totemism and Exogamy (1910) and its supplement, Totemica (1937); The Belief in Immortality and the Worship of the Dead (3 vol., 1913–24); Folklore in the Old Testament (1919, abr. ed. 1923); and Anthologia Anthropologica, ed. by R. A. Downie (4 vol., 1938–39).


See studies by R. A. Downie (1940), B. Malinowski (in A Scientific Theory of Culture, 1944, repr. 1960), J. B. Vickery (1973), and R. Ackerman (1987).

Frazer, Sir James George (1854-1941)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Best known as author of the twelve-volume The Golden Bough, first published in 1890, Sir James George Frazer was a British anthropologist, folklorist and classical scholar. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on January 1, 1854. He attended Glasgow University and then Trinity College, Cambridge, becoming a fellow of that college in 1879.

Frazer's interest in comparative religion grew as a result of his association with W. Robertson Smith at Cambridge. At the age of 36, Frazer published the twelvevolume work, The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion, which was his theory of religious and magical development. His distinction between magic and religion has greatly influenced anthropological thought since that time.

The Golden Bough was reissued in 1907 and then appeared in a one-volume abridged version in 1922 and in a two-volume paperback in 1957. The wealth of information contained in the work is constantly utilized by Witches and Pagans.

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After the war he rose to be Sir James Frazer, head of MI6, which is properly known as the Secret Intelligence Service.
James Frazer was out in 36, but his homeward half was like the parson's egg - he had three pars, three birdies, two bogeys and a double bogey, but is still very much in contention just four strokes off the pace.
The TIBS goal came courtesy of Mason Keogh, with Sam Connolly, James Frazer, Ian Glasgow and Matthew Hickman all on target for the home side.
WELSH golfer James Frazer signed off his stay in the amateur ranks with sixth spot in the World Championships in Turkey.
Wales' Walker Cup hero of last autumn Rhys Pugh is among those at St Anne's and the East Tennessee State University student will be joined by fellow amateurs James Frazer (Pennard) plus Alabama State's Jason Shufflebotham (Prestatyn).
Also competing at St Annes is another Welsh amateur international James Frazer from Pennard, while St Pierre assistant Richard Bentham is at West Lancs.
Jo Vickery who reached the semi-finals of the Amateur championship at Turnberry in June and James Frazer, who got to the last eight, are both newcomers in the line-up for the internationals being staged from September 3.
James Frazer abused two teenage girls in Sunderland during the 1980s and ensured their silence by issuing sinister threats.
Among the thinkers he profiles are Max Muller, James Frazer, Max Weber, and Mircea Eliade.
Marton eventually grasped the three points, winning the game 2-1 with goals from Sam Connolly and James Frazer discounting Charlie Fixter's goal for Nunthorpe to keep the division wide open at the top The North Ormesby defence held firm against the prolific attack of a very good Primrose Hill team when they paid them a visit in Division Three of the Under-13s league.
James Frazer had his nose in front of Chris Selfridge in the top singles match most of the way, but in the end went down on the home green.
Pennard's James Frazer is back to defend the title he won in spectacular fashion last season when the Welsh international player carded a record eight under par total for the four-round competition.