Clarke, James Freeman

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Clarke, James Freeman,

1810–88, American Unitarian clergyman and author, b. Hanover, N.H. While in charge of the Unitarian church in Louisville, Ky. (1833–40), he was for three years editor of the Western Messenger. He helped found the Church of the Disciples in Boston in 1841 and was its pastor until 1888, except in the years from 1850 to 1854. He was (1867–71) a nonresident professor in the Harvard Divinity School. The Transcendental Club, with such members as Bronson Alcott and Emerson, included Clarke, and he was active in the antislavery, woman-suffrage, and other reform movements. Among his books, influential in their day, were Ten Great Religions (2 vol., 1871–83), Orthodoxy: Its Truths and Errors (1866), and Essentials and Non-Essentials in Religion (1878).


See biography by E. E. Hale (1891, repr. 1968), which includes a fragmentary autobiography; study by A. S. Bolster (1954).

Clarke, James Freeman

(1810–88) Protestant religious leader; born in Hanover, N.H. He graduated from Harvard in 1829, was pastor of the Unitarian Church in Louisville, Ky., and edited the Western Messenger from Louisville (1836–39), in which he published articles by, among others, Emerson and Hawthorne. He returned to Boston and founded the Unitarian Church of the Disciples in 1841. He taught at Harvard Divinity School from 1867–71. A supporter of temperance, the abolition of slavery, and women's suffrage, he was the author of many books, including Ten Great Religions (1871).
References in periodicals archive ?
Quoting American author James Freeman Clarke, Lacson said that politicians in the Philippines are always looking forward for the next election and thus, abandoning their mandate to serve their constituents.
Since ethnic Asi an practitioners of these faiths were few and isolated in the America of the time, a small but influential group of Euro-American converts began to emerge, abetted by visiting Asian teachers, as well as by the emergent disciplines of the comparative, historical, and behavioral study of religion, promoted by scholars such as James Freeman Clarke and William James.
Joining James Freeman Clarke in the study of German, the two of them started to read Goethe.
In the Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli that he compiled with James Freeman Clarke and William Henry Channing, Emerson's condescension toward Fuller was apparent.
It attracted such diverse and highly individualistic figures as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Margaret Fuller, Orestes Brownson, Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, and James Freeman Clarke, as well as George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, the younger W.
The outstanding scholar in this field was James Freeman Clarke, a Unitarian clergyman and liberal reformer.
The first was an organ of the Transcendentalist movement and was founded by <IR> THEODORE PARKER </IR> , <IR> BRONSON ALCOTT </IR> , <IR> ORESTES BROWNSON </IR> , <IR> MARGARET FULLER </IR> , <IR> JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE </IR> , and <IR> RALPH WALDO EMERSON </IR> .
Early members were Ripley, Emerson, <IR> FREDERIC HENRY HEDGE </IR> , Convers Francis, <IR> JAMES FREEMAN CLARKE </IR> , and A.