James George Frazer


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Related to James George Frazer: Robert Graves, Sir James George Frazer
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Frazer, James George

 

Born Jan. 1, 1854, in Glasgow; died May 7, 1941, in Cambridge. British anthropologist and historian of religion; professor (Cambridge University, from 1921).

Using the comparative historical method, Frazer systematized an enormous mass of material about primitive beliefs, totemism, animism, and taboo. He demonstrated the genetic link between these primitive beliefs and the religions of class-structured societies, such as Judaism and Christianity (particularly as illustrated through the cult of the “resurrected god”). According to Frazer, human consciousness evolved from the domination of magic concepts in the age of magic to the personification of supernatural forces in the age of religion and finally to the age of science. Frazer incorrectly juxtaposed magic to religion and drew a parallel between magic and science as methods of acting upon nature and derived ideologies from individual psychology (associative thought). A number of Frazer’s theories have been overturned by modern science, but his works contain a great deal of factual information.

WORKS

Totemism and Exogamy, vols. 1–4, London, 1935.
Zolotaia vetv’, vols. 1–4, Moscow, 1928. (Translated from French.)
Fol’klor v Vetkhom Zavete. Moscow-Leningrad, 1931. (Translated from English.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was written by Sir James George Frazer, a Scottish folklore expert and social anthropologist.
Similarly, Hlavsa holds that Faulkner was familiar with Sir James George Frazer's complete twelve-volume Golden Bough.
Katie Holten's exhibition is the sixth installment in "The Golden Bough," a suite of solo shows by different artists at the Hugh Lane that borrows its title from James George Frazer's 1890 study of mythology and religion.
Scanning an old copy of The Golden Bough for another purpose, I saw that James George Frazer had gathered examples from all over the world positing a sacrificed god whose body is dismembered and buried, thus giving rise to the fruit trees, beans and wheat grasses that sustain human life.