James Gibbs

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
James Gibbs

Gibbs, James,

1682–1754, English architect, b. Scotland, studied in Rome under Carlo Fontana. Returning to England in 1709, he was appointed a member of the commission authorized to build 50 churches in London. Only 10 of these were completed; they include two of Gibbs's most distinguished works, St. Mary-le-Strand (1714–17) and St. Martin-in-the-Fields (1721–26); the latter formed a basic inspiration for many of the steepled churches of the colonial period in America. Gibbs did considerable work for the universities, including the circular Radcliffe Camera at Oxford (1739–49), considered his finest design, and the Senate House at Cambridge, where from 1722 onward he was constantly employed. He designed also many town and country houses. His works have the distinction characteristic of the Georgian period and of the work of Sir Christopher Wren, by whom he was chiefly influenced. He wrote a Book of Architecture (1728, repr. 1968) and Rules for Drawing the Several Parts of Architecture (1732).


See study by B. Little (1955).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Gibbs, James

English Neoclassical architect who created a restrained version of the Baroque style in Britain.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gibbs, James


Born Dec. 23, 1682, in Footdeesmere, near Aberdeen; died Aug. 5, 1754, in London. English architect.

Gibbs studied in Holland and Italy (from 1700 to 1709 with C. Fontana) and collaborated with C. Wren. He was an exponent of classicism. Gibbs’ work is distinguished by an imposing simplicity and integrity of design and by elegance of details (the churches Mary-le-Strand, 1714-17, and St.-Martin-in-the-Fields, 1722-26, in London; and the Radcliffe Library at Oxford, 1737-49).


Summerson, J. Architecture in Britain 1530-1830. Harmondsworth, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
That's the view of JAMES GIBBS, of Girvan, Ayrshire, who feels too many clubs are failing in their duty to combat the cold.
John Barton, James Gibbs, Victor Li, & John Merryman, Law in Radically Different Cultures 8 (1983).
Spokesman James Gibbs said: "We have an indicative cost of repairs, which is less than the cost of removing the funicular."
I suspect this is what James Gibbs, editor of African Theatre 11 (AT11) experienced.
The design has been attributed to James Gibbs, and its closest neighbour, in style and form, would probably be St Philip's in Birmingham.
This design informed not only his own subsequent church buildings but also decisively influenced those of James Gibbs (most notably St Martin-in-the-Fields) and their countless descendants throughout the English-speaking world.
Standing in the shelter of original architect James Gibbs' prostyle portico, looking west towards Trafalgar Square and The Mall, Parry wanted to discuss the significant position of the church within its well-known urban ensemble.
The company has reported total production for the first quarter of 2008 of 126,018 barrels per day (bpd), compared to 166,529 bpd in the first quarter of 2007.The company chairman, president and chief executive officer, James Gibbs, said, 'Despite the difficulties in the market this past quarter with the sharp increase in crude oil prices and lower gasoline demand, Frontier continues to operate as a profitable, efficient processor of heavy crude oils.
In this column for March 2006 I wrote at some length about the chapel designed by James Gibbs for Sir William Turner's Hospital at Kirkleatham in the old North Riding of Yorkshire, one of the grandest sets of almshouses in England.
Matthew James Gibbs, aged 24, of Templars Fields, Canley, Coventry, driving with excess alcohol, fined pounds 400, banned from driving for 24 months, drink-drive course accepted.
And in January James Gibbs, 15, died when he accidentally leaned over the platform and was hit by a train at Treorchy station on his way home from Treorchy Comprehensive.