James Gibbs

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James Gibbs

Gibbs, James,

1682–1754, English architect, b. Scotland, studied in Rome under Carlo Fontana. Returning to England in 1709, he was appointed a member of the commission authorized to build 50 churches in London. Only 10 of these were completed; they include two of Gibbs's most distinguished works, St. Mary-le-Strand (1714–17) and St. Martin-in-the-Fields (1721–26); the latter formed a basic inspiration for many of the steepled churches of the colonial period in America. Gibbs did considerable work for the universities, including the circular Radcliffe Camera at Oxford (1739–49), considered his finest design, and the Senate House at Cambridge, where from 1722 onward he was constantly employed. He designed also many town and country houses. His works have the distinction characteristic of the Georgian period and of the work of Sir Christopher Wren, by whom he was chiefly influenced. He wrote a Book of Architecture (1728, repr. 1968) and Rules for Drawing the Several Parts of Architecture (1732).


See study by B. Little (1955).

Gibbs, James

English Neoclassical architect who created a restrained version of the Baroque style in Britain.

Gibbs, James


Born Dec. 23, 1682, in Footdeesmere, near Aberdeen; died Aug. 5, 1754, in London. English architect.

Gibbs studied in Holland and Italy (from 1700 to 1709 with C. Fontana) and collaborated with C. Wren. He was an exponent of classicism. Gibbs’ work is distinguished by an imposing simplicity and integrity of design and by elegance of details (the churches Mary-le-Strand, 1714-17, and St.-Martin-in-the-Fields, 1722-26, in London; and the Radcliffe Library at Oxford, 1737-49).


Summerson, J. Architecture in Britain 1530-1830. Harmondsworth, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
When James Gibbs was killed fellow pupils at Treorchy Comprehensive held a minute's silence, three assemblies were held in his memory and counselling was made available.
Frontier's Chairman, President, and CEO, James Gibbs, commented, "The second quarter presented a challenging economic environment for the refining sector.
Occasionally there are bids for restraint, as the wonderfully crafted boxwood model, after James Gibbs, for St Mary le Strand (1717) suggests but these are few and far between.
Students include (front row, seated) Kayla Boutell of Athol, Eric Gallotto and James Gibbs, both of Sterling, and Gregory Croteau of Westminster; (second row) Ka Thao of Fitchburg, Maddy Merchant of Gardner, Caitlin Cormier of Fitchburg, Sarah Bailey of Westminster and Pilly Diaz of Fitchburg; (back row), Rosie Yang of Fitchburg, Michelle Brisebois of Ashby, Joseph Flanagan of Sterling and Mr.
Lloyd also quotes the architect James Gibbs who was working in the first half of the 18th century, an early exponent of the belief that "less is more".
Officers have already started interviewing school children who witnessed the death of 15-year-old James Gibbs at Treorchy train station in Rhondda on Thursday, January 25.
Near the hall, the 18th-century semi-circular stable block designed by James Gibbs houses equestrian memorabilia.
Its parish church, St Cuthbert's, is a handsome Palladian building by Carr of York, but what dominates is the attached mausoleum built in 1740 and designed by James Gibbs at his most baroque.
Designed by the highly fashionable Georgian architect James Gibbs in 1755,it was built for aristocrat John Smith-Barry.
Frontier's Chairman, President, and CEO, James Gibbs, commented, "Despite the difficulties in the market this past quarter with the sharp increase in crude oil prices and lower gasoline demand, Frontier continues to operate as a profitable, efficient processor of heavy crude oils.
They are Sarah Bates, Sarah Borchelt, Alyssa Bristol, Channing Davidson, Kristen Dietel, Joseph Flanagan, Eric Gallotto, James Gibbs, Samantha Janda, Elizabeth Perry, Jim Valcourt, Casey Baker and Erica Hendrickson.
Matthew James Gibbs, aged 21, of Templars Fields, Canley, Coventry, driving with excess alcohol and using a vehicle without insurance, fined pounds 250 and banned from driving for six months under the totting up provisions.