James Gibbs

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James Gibbs

Gibbs, James,

1682–1754, English architect, b. Scotland, studied in Rome under Carlo Fontana. Returning to England in 1709, he was appointed a member of the commission authorized to build 50 churches in London. Only 10 of these were completed; they include two of Gibbs's most distinguished works, St. Mary-le-Strand (1714–17) and St. Martin-in-the-Fields (1721–26); the latter formed a basic inspiration for many of the steepled churches of the colonial period in America. Gibbs did considerable work for the universities, including the circular Radcliffe Camera at Oxford (1739–49), considered his finest design, and the Senate House at Cambridge, where from 1722 onward he was constantly employed. He designed also many town and country houses. His works have the distinction characteristic of the Georgian period and of the work of Sir Christopher Wren, by whom he was chiefly influenced. He wrote a Book of Architecture (1728, repr. 1968) and Rules for Drawing the Several Parts of Architecture (1732).


See study by B. Little (1955).

Gibbs, James

English Neoclassical architect who created a restrained version of the Baroque style in Britain.

Gibbs, James


Born Dec. 23, 1682, in Footdeesmere, near Aberdeen; died Aug. 5, 1754, in London. English architect.

Gibbs studied in Holland and Italy (from 1700 to 1709 with C. Fontana) and collaborated with C. Wren. He was an exponent of classicism. Gibbs’ work is distinguished by an imposing simplicity and integrity of design and by elegance of details (the churches Mary-le-Strand, 1714-17, and St.-Martin-in-the-Fields, 1722-26, in London; and the Radcliffe Library at Oxford, 1737-49).


Summerson, J. Architecture in Britain 1530-1830. Harmondsworth, 1958.
References in periodicals archive ?
When James Gibbs was killed fellow pupils at Treorchy Comprehensive held a minute's silence, three assemblies were held in his memory and counselling was made available.
Near the hall, the 18th-century semi-circular stable block designed by James Gibbs houses equestrian memorabilia.
Its parish church, St Cuthbert's, is a handsome Palladian building by Carr of York, but what dominates is the attached mausoleum built in 1740 and designed by James Gibbs at his most baroque.
Designed by the highly fashionable Georgian architect James Gibbs in 1755,it was built for aristocrat John Smith-Barry.
Frontier's Chairman, President, and CEO, James Gibbs, commented, "Despite the difficulties in the market this past quarter with the sharp increase in crude oil prices and lower gasoline demand, Frontier continues to operate as a profitable, efficient processor of heavy crude oils.
Students include (front row, seated) Kayla Boutell of Athol, Eric Gallotto and James Gibbs, both of Sterling, and Gregory Croteau of Westminster; (second row) Ka Thao of Fitchburg, Maddy Merchant of Gardner, Caitlin Cormier of Fitchburg, Sarah Bailey of Westminster and Pilly Diaz of Fitchburg; (back row), Rosie Yang of Fitchburg, Michelle Brisebois of Ashby, Joseph Flanagan of Sterling and Mr.
Frontier's Chairman, President, and CEO, James Gibbs said, "While we are focused on our previously announced internal growth projects, we believe we have more cash than is necessary for our operations and thus the Board authorized an additional $100 million in share repurchases.
Matthew James Gibbs, aged 21, of Templars Fields, Canley, Coventry, driving with excess alcohol and using a vehicle without insurance, fined pounds 250 and banned from driving for six months under the totting up provisions.
Frontier's Chairman, President and CEO, James Gibbs, commented, "Although we are disappointed in the lost opportunity that resulted from the fourth quarter fire in our Cheyenne coking unit, we are very proud of the nearly $500 million of net income we reported this year.
High honors were given to Eric Gallotto, James Gibbs, Scott Patacchiola, all in grade 12; Jarrett Egan, Ashley Leonardi, Jillian Michniewicz, all in grade 11; Leah Fenton and Erin Shields, both in grade 10; Zachary Behrmann and Brenda Holmes, both in grade 9, all of Sterling.
Frontier's Chairman, President, and CEO, James Gibbs commented, "We have grown our regular cash dividend by 28% per year since we started paying a quarterly cash dividend in June of 2001.
The main part of the house was designed for the Astley family by the eminent Sir James Gibbs in 1730, best known for his famous church, St Martin in the Fields in London and the Radcliffe Library in Oxford.