James Gillray


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Gillray, James

 

Born Aug. 13, 1757, in Chelsea, now a municipal district of London; died June 1, 1815, in London. English graphic artist and engraver.

Gillray studied at the London Academy of Arts. Developing the satirical motifs of W. Hogarth’s work, Gillray, along with other English graphic artists of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, transformed caricature into an independent artistic genre. He is especially well known for his political caricatures, executed in a rather coarse and grotesque manner and with gaudy colors, in which he ’ridiculed the royal family, the aristocracy, the ministers, and Napoleon I. His etchings included New Method of Paying National Debts (1786) and The King of Brobdingnag and Gulliver (1803-04).

REFERENCES

Nekrasova, E. Ocherki po istorii angliiskoi karikatury kontsa 18 i nachala 19 vekov. [Leningrad] 1935.
Hill, D. Mr. Gillray the Caricaturist. London, 1965.
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Which king was portrayed by caricaturist James Gillray as Farmer George?
A 2012 series based on the engravings of the satirical caricaturists George Cruikshank and James Gillray instantly drew attention, with several works bought by Charles Saatchi and shown in 'New Order: British Art Today' at the Saatchi Gallery last year.
Using satire by artists from James Gillray to Oscar Munoz, she reminded us - as if this should be necessary - that we need the rule of law to uphold human rights and in particular freedom of expression.
While European artists like Jacques-Louis David were striving to create a high-minded new classicism 200 years ago, in Britain the likes of Thomas Rowlandson, James Gillray and Hogarth were using their talents to satirize and caricature the politicians of the day.
He views banknotes of the age, Wedgwood pottery, Chippendale furniture and satirical prints designed by James Gillray.
This artist from Ostend, who read Rabelais and Poe, gives the impression of having been raised on Bosch and Bruegel, Goya, James Gillray, Daumier, and late Turner, too.
Works are included by a large number of British artists, with Ford Madox Brown, James Gillray, Paul Nash, and William Blake among those receiving more lengthy treatment as examples of certain descriptive themes.
Napoleon was the favorite target of the British literary satirist James Gillray, who never tired of mocking the General's grandiose ambitions, as well as those of his savants.
Barrie Rutter, the company's artistic director, directs the show and says he has taken his inspiration from the cartoons and characters of the 18th-century satirist James Gillray who revelled in lampooning the great and the good.
The German periodical London and Paris once praised James Gillray (1756-1815) as "the foremost living artist in the whole of Europe.
Wells interprets Dwight's Satan as a comic rather than Miltonic character--an insight the book's designers have reinforced with the gargoylish cover detail from "The Tables Turn'd" by James Gillray (1797), which balances a portrait of Dr.
One of the biggest gaps has to do with the work of one of the most popular caricaturists, James Gillray.