James Gillray


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Gillray, James

 

Born Aug. 13, 1757, in Chelsea, now a municipal district of London; died June 1, 1815, in London. English graphic artist and engraver.

Gillray studied at the London Academy of Arts. Developing the satirical motifs of W. Hogarth’s work, Gillray, along with other English graphic artists of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, transformed caricature into an independent artistic genre. He is especially well known for his political caricatures, executed in a rather coarse and grotesque manner and with gaudy colors, in which he ’ridiculed the royal family, the aristocracy, the ministers, and Napoleon I. His etchings included New Method of Paying National Debts (1786) and The King of Brobdingnag and Gulliver (1803-04).

REFERENCES

Nekrasova, E. Ocherki po istorii angliiskoi karikatury kontsa 18 i nachala 19 vekov. [Leningrad] 1935.
Hill, D. Mr. Gillray the Caricaturist. London, 1965.
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Previous announcements under this project have included the acquisition of a copper engraving by the famous British caricaturist, James Gillray, and the first example of an account by a female anti-slavery campaigner, into the Museum's collection.
Crumb, a favorite of Bradley's, is a prime example of an artist who drew on decades of popular art (from James Gillray to Little Lulu) to arrive at multiple modes of rendering.
In this 1802 engraving, the British satirist James Gillray caricatured a scene at the Smallpox and Inoculation Hospital at St.
Caption: In this cartoon published in 1802, the British satirist James Gillray caricatured a scene at the Smallpox and Inoculation Hospital at St.
For Hogarth and increasingly for later satirists such as Thomas Rowlandson and James Gillray, the theatre became a microcosm for depicting the follies of the British, in taste, in affectations, even in politics and social theory.
However, the more profitable aspect of Boydell's scheme was the vast number of prints he produced based on the paintings an enterprise savagely lampooned by the cartoonist James Gillray with the caption Shakespeare Sacrificed the Offering to Avarice.
The study of late Georgian and Regency British graphic satire has been operating under the infertile assumption that the genre developed artistically over time, progressing from a base emblematic tradition into the complex iconographical satires of the so-called golden age, a period that peaked during the French Revolution and declined rapidly after the death of James Gillray [b.
Old" because the graphic novel utilizes the techniques of the comics, which began with the work of William Hogarth (1697-1764), Thomas Rowlandson (1756-1827), and James Gillray (1756-1815) in eighteenth-century England and with Rodolphe Toppfer (1799-1846), who integrated their innovative techniques and added some of his own, in early nineteenth-century Switzerland; and "new" because the graphic novel is capable of far surpassing the traditional comics in depth and subtlety.
Which king was portrayed by caricaturist James Gillray as Farmer George?
In the 18th and 19th century, William Hogarth, Thomas Rowlandson, James Gillray, William Davison or George Cruikshank, caricatured the gluttonous nobility suffering from gout.
In "Farmer Giles & his Wife," cartoonist James Gillray drew the interior of a farmhouse transformed by wealth, where a picture on the wall is the only reminder of the farmyard.
A 2012 series based on the engravings of the satirical caricaturists George Cruikshank and James Gillray instantly drew attention, with several works bought by Charles Saatchi and shown in 'New Order: British Art Today' at the Saatchi Gallery last year.