James Gillray

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gillray, James


Born Aug. 13, 1757, in Chelsea, now a municipal district of London; died June 1, 1815, in London. English graphic artist and engraver.

Gillray studied at the London Academy of Arts. Developing the satirical motifs of W. Hogarth’s work, Gillray, along with other English graphic artists of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, transformed caricature into an independent artistic genre. He is especially well known for his political caricatures, executed in a rather coarse and grotesque manner and with gaudy colors, in which he ’ridiculed the royal family, the aristocracy, the ministers, and Napoleon I. His etchings included New Method of Paying National Debts (1786) and The King of Brobdingnag and Gulliver (1803-04).


Nekrasova, E. Ocherki po istorii angliiskoi karikatury kontsa 18 i nachala 19 vekov. [Leningrad] 1935.
Hill, D. Mr. Gillray the Caricaturist. London, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Highlights include James Gillray's muchimitated Fashionable Contrasts (1792), an outrageously provocative satire that summons thoughts of the utmost vulgarity, entirely through the size and angle of two pairs of shoes.
There is a pleasing randomness about the selection but few items reflect satirist Jonathan Swift's adage that his art existed 'to cure the vices of mankind' better than the 18th century caricaturists such as James Gillray, George Cruickshank and Richard Newton who mercilessly lampooned a monarchy that was hated and a market which was only too eager to lap up such sedition.
In their usual way of mixing history with the present to illustrate how the past is not actually in the past, the Twins powerfully comment on modern day colonialism in their piece, "Eating from the same plate." The painting is a nod to James Gillray's 1805 caricature of English statesman William Pitt and Napoleon Bonaparte carving and eating the world, "Plum Pudding in Danger."
Previous announcements under this project have included the acquisition of a copper engraving by the famous British caricaturist, James Gillray, and the first example of an account by a female anti-slavery campaigner, into the Museum's collection.
Which king was portrayed as Farmer George by the caricaturist James Gillray? A George I B William IV C Charles II D George III 3.
In England, William Hogarth, Thomas Rowlandson, and James Gillray were prominent in the development of the genre.
10) follows with its fascinating exploration of James Gillray's 1803 political cartoon.
Crumb, a favorite of Bradley's, is a prime example of an artist who drew on decades of popular art (from James Gillray to Little Lulu) to arrive at multiple modes of rendering.
In this 1802 engraving, the British satirist James Gillray caricatured a scene at the Smallpox and Inoculation Hospital at St.
Caption: In this cartoon published in 1802, the British satirist James Gillray caricatured a scene at the Smallpox and Inoculation Hospital at St.
Robinson's intention, she says, is a satirical one: to blame "Nobody" by "paint[ing] the living manners as they rise." Not only is this line a near quotation of "And catch the manners living as they rise" from Epistle 1, line 14 of Alexander Pope's Essay on Man (1733-34), but it is probably also a reference to James Gillray's satire of contemporary fashion And catch the living Manners as they rise (fig.
However, the more profitable aspect of Boydell's scheme was the vast number of prints he produced based on the paintings an enterprise savagely lampooned by the cartoonist James Gillray with the caption Shakespeare Sacrificed the Offering to Avarice.