James Henry Breasted

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Breasted, James Henry


Born Aug. 27, 1865, in Rockford; died Dec. 2, 1935, in New York. American Egyptologist.

In 1919, Breasted became the first director of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago. He carried out archaeological investigations in Egypt and Nubia and published a complete codex of ancient Egyptian historical documents in English translation (Ancient Records of Egypt, vols. 1-5, Chicago, 1906-07). Breasted’s views on history were of an idealistic and modernistic nature. He regarded ancient Egypt as a feudal state, and he ignored the class struggle.


In Russian translation:
Istoriia Egipta s drevneishikh vremen do persidskogo zavoevaniia, vols. 1-2. Moscow, 1915.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.