James Iredell

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Iredell, James

(īr`dĕl), 1751–99, American jurist, b. Lewes, England. He emigrated (1767) to North Carolina, where he entered the customs service at Edenton and was made (1774) collector for the port. He was admitted to the bar in 1771, and after the outbreak of the American Revolution he helped to organize the North Carolina court system. He became (1777) a judge and later (1779–81) was attorney general. His strong support of the proposed U.S. Constitution helped procure its adoption by North Carolina. In 1790, Iredell was made an associate justice of the newly established U.S. Supreme Court. Among his notable opinions was his dissent in Chisholm v. Georgia (1793) when the majority holding was that a state might be sued in the federal courts without its consent. The Eleventh Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (adopted 1798) made that view the law of the land.


See biography by G. J. McRee (1857, repr. 1949).

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Iredell, James

(1751–99) Supreme Court justice; born in Lewes, England. He emigrated to North Carolina at age 17 and became active in the revolution against England. He served as a North Carolina judge (1777–78) and as state attorney general (1779–81). At age 38, he was the youngest of the original six U.S. Supreme Court justices when chosen by President Washington, serving from 1790–99.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
The point was previously driven home by James Iredell, a respected lawyer who became a Supreme Court justice, in the North Carolina debates over ratification of the Constitution.
(statement of James Iredell), reprinted in 4 THE DEBATES IN THE SEVERAL
individual...." (65) Justice James Iredell broadly agreed, noting in his Observations on this Great Constitutional Question that "the Const[itution] intended all Laws of the U.S....
Supreme Court, James Iredell, was 38--and that was by President Washington in 1790.
Captain James Iredell Waddell and his crew aboard the Glasgow-built Shenandoah continued attacking shipping, unaware the war had ended months earlier.
Nelson performs the estimable work of proving that Alexander Hamilton, James Wilson, James Iredell, John Adams, and other leading Federalists were precisely as royalist in their political philosophy as Thomas Jefferson always insisted they were.
As James Iredell explained in the North Carolina Ratifying Convention, "Thus a bill of rights might operate as a snare rather than a protection.
Or perhaps it could have been named the Shenandoah, after the vessel captained by James Iredell Waddell which destroyed the US whaling fleet and almost brought Britain and America to war.
Colon Willoughby, Jr., received the James Iredell Award March 12 by Campbell Law School's Phi Alpha Delta (PAD) law fraternity.
In letters to his wife in the 1790s, Justice James Iredell recited a litany of discomforts and mishaps he suffered while traveling to trials in Georgia and the Carolinas.
Graebe, The Federalism of James Iredell in Historical Context, 69 N.C.L.
(6) James Iredell, Address in the North Carolina Ratifying Convention, reprinted in 4 The Founders' Constitution 17 (P.