James Keir Hardie

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hardie, James Keir


Born Aug. 15, 1856, in Legbrannock, Scotland; died Sept. 26, 1915, in Glasgow. Labor movement figure and reformer in Great Britain.

Hardie went to work in the mines at the age of ten, and in the 1870’s he joined the trade union movement. In the late 1880’s he concluded that it was necessary for the proletariat to be politically independent; however, he thought that this ought to be achieved strictly within the constitutional framework and thus rejected the class struggle. In 1888, Hardie founded the Scottish Labour Party, and in 1893, the Independent Labor Party (ILP). In 1892 he became the first person to be elected to Parliament as an Independent Labor candidate. After the creation of the Labour Party in 1900, in which the ILP was a collective member, Hardie became one of the leaders of the party. Hardie criticized the aggression of the British colonialists in the Boer War (1899–1902), and he was a pacificist at the outbreak of World War I. Later, however, Hardie allied himself with the social chauvinists.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vols. 38–39. (See Index of Names: Hardie.)
Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vols. 26, 28. (See Index of Names: Hardie.)
Vinogradov, V. N. U istokov leiboristskoi partii. Moscow, 1965. (Contains bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
1892: James Keir Hardie, standing in the general election at Holytown, Lanarkshire, became the first Socialist to win a seat in the British Parliament.
1892: James Keir Hardie became the first Socialist to win a seat in the British Parliament.
VVGOOGLING a runner Keir Hardie 6.45 Chelmsford Born into extreme poverty in Lanarkshire, Scotland on August 15, 1856, James Keir Hardie became the founding father of the Labour Party, being elected MP for West Ham in 1892 and then Merthyr Tydfil in 1900 having risen to prominence as a socialist, trade unionist, pacifist and champion of equality.
James Keir Hardie. When the Parliamentary Labour Party was formed in 1900, he became its first leader and was the first working class socialist MP.
On July 4, 1892, the voters of West Ham South elected the first working-class MP to the House of Commons - James Keir Hardie - who went on to found the Labour Party.
JAMES Keir Hardie who has been credited as the founder of the Labour Party in this country was a true socialist but even he would have stalled at some of the pronounced beliefs and associates of Jeremy Corbyn.
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Founding father of the Labour Party James Keir Hardie has been commemorated in the former constituency he represented.
James Keir Hardie's middle name was not spelt Kier.
James Keir Hardie and the new Labour Party (1900) did, and they fatally undermined the Communists.
Political giants like Wheatley, Bevan, Wilson, Kinnock, Smith and of course the daddy of them all, the father of the Labour Party, James Keir Hardie.