Longstreet, James

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Longstreet, James,

1821–1904, Confederate general in the American Civil War, b. Edgefield District, S.C. He graduated (1842) from West Point and served in the Mexican War, reaching the rank of major. At the outbreak of the Civil War he resigned from the U.S. army and became a Confederate brigadier general. He took part in the first battle of Bull Run and in the Peninsular campaign. His creditable performance at the second battle of Bull Run (1862), at Antietam, and at the battle of FredericksburgFredericksburg, battle of,
in the Civil War, fought Dec. 13, 1862, at Fredericksburg, Va. In Nov., 1862, the Union general Ambrose Burnside moved his three "grand divisions" under W. B. Franklin, E. V.
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 led to his promotion (Oct., 1862) to lieutenant general. In 1862–63 he held a semi-independent command S of the James River, returning too late to aid General Lee at Chancellorsville. He commanded the right wing at Gettysburg (1863), where his delay in taking the offensive is generally said to have cost Lee the battle (see Gettysburg campaignGettysburg campaign,
June–July, 1863, series of decisive battles of the U.S. Civil War. The Road to Gettysburg

After his victory in the battle of Chancellorsville, Confederate general Robert E. Lee undertook a second invasion of the North.
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). He fought at Chickamauga in the Chattanooga campaign and unsuccessfully besieged Knoxville (1863). Returning to Virginia in 1864, he distinguished himself in the Wilderness campaignWilderness campaign,
in the American Civil War, a series of engagements (May–June, 1864) fought in the Wilderness region of Virginia. Early in May, 1864, the Northern commander in chief, Grant, led the Army of the Potomac (118,000 strong) across the Rapidan River into the
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, where he was wounded. Longstreet participated in the last defense of Richmond, surrendering with Lee at Appomattox. After the war he settled in New Orleans, became a Republican, and held a number of federal posts. He criticized Lee's conduct at Gettysburg harshly and was long unpopular in the South. As a general, he is considered to have been a poor independent commander and strategist but an excellent combat officer. His opinions on the war are expressed in his From Manassas to Appomattox (1896, repr. 1960).

Bibliography

See G. Tucker, Lee and Longstreet at Gettysburg (1968); W. G. Piston, Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History (1987).

Longstreet, James

(1821–1904) soldier; born in Edgefield District, S.C. Raised in Georgia and Alabama, he graduated from West Point (1842) and saw service during the Mexican War. He resigned his U.S. Army commission to join the Confederate army in June 1861. One of Lee's chief lieutenants, he was an outstanding combat officer but was sometimes overcautious as a commander; his delays at Gettysburg led to his being blamed for the Confederate failure there (although Lee and students of the battle have not confirmed this). After the Civil War he became a Republican—even backing Ulysses Grant for president—and he was shunned by many southerners; many years later, he would air his differences with Lee's decisions in his book, From Manassas to Appomattox (1896). After several years in private business, he held several federal appointments, including minister resident to Turkey (1880–81).
References in periodicals archive ?
Other notable figures from both north and south include Lieutenant General James Longstreet, who, with his Corps, had been temporarily detached from Robert E.
General James Longstreet, Lee's most trusted and experienced subordinate, counseled against the assault: it was unnecessary, unwise and, as he saw it, bound to fail.
General James Longstreet, provided an alternative to help achieve a shared goal, an alternative that most military historians agree would have forced the North to sue for peace.
Moses of Georgia, who later served with Confederate General James Longstreet.
WHERE was James Longstreet US Minister Resident 1880-81?
Lee, James Longstreet, and Winfield Scott Hancock stand out while their story is represented through visual intrigue.
Grant mounted on a horse named 'Kangaroo' during the Vicksburg campaign; James Longstreet fighting in the Battle of Antietam wearing carpet slippers; William Tecumseh Sherman surviving two shipwrecks on the same day; and so many more surprising and unexpected but quite true stories of people and events.
This led to a reorganization of Lee's army that elevated James Longstreet to the position of Lee's most able lieutenant.
29) That evening Lee met with Confederate General James Longstreet and ordered him to attack on 2 July, over the latter's protestations.
Among the notable figures discussed are George Armstrong Custer, George Pickett, Jefferson Davis, Philip Sheridan, James Longstreet, and "washouts" such as Edgar Allan Poe and James McNeill Whistler who failed to complete their studies altogether.
General James Longstreet in early 1863 could not move requisitioned supplies from Suffolk County for shortage of transport, and Lee did not have the wagons to recover grain only 50 miles northeast of Richmond.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain, Stephen Lang plays Jackson and Bruce Boxleitner plays General James Longstreet.