James Mason Crafts

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Crafts, James Mason


Born Mar. 8, 1839, in Boston; died June 20, 1917, in Ridgefield, Conn. American chemist.

Crafts studied chemistry in Germany and France (1859–65). He was dean and professor of chemistry at Cornell University (1866–70) and professor of chemistry (1870–74) and president (from 1898) of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Crafts worked in Paris with C. Friedel from 1874 to 1891; they jointly discovered (1877) a method for the synthesis of aromatic hydro-carbons and their derivatives (Friedel-Crafts reaction). Crafts also studied organic silicon compounds and did research in the areas of thermometry and catalysis.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.