James Abbott Mcneill Whistler

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Whistler, James Abbott Mcneill

 

Born July 10, 1834, in Lowell, Mass.; died July 17,1903, in London. American painter, etcher, and lithographer.

The son of a military engineer, Whistler spent most of his years in Europe. From 1843 to 1849, he lived in St. Petersburg, where he regularly visited the Academy of Fine Arts; from 1855 to 1859, he was in Paris, studying at the studio of C. Gleyre. He settled in London, residing there from 1859 to 1884 and again from 1896 to 1903.

Whistler was influenced by the style of G. Courbet and by Japanese art, and his work displayed a kinship with that of the French impressionists. His portraits, for example, combine a spare composition with a refined musicality of linear rhythms and tonal harmonies. These qualities are evident in, among other paintings, Symphony in White, No. 1: The White Girl (1862, National Gallery Washington, D.C.); Arrangement in Grey and Black, No. 1: the Artist’s Mother (1871, Louvre Museum, Paris); Miss Cicely Alexander: Harmony in Grey and Green (1872–74, National Gallery, London); and Portrait of Théodore Duret (1883, Metropolitan Museum, New York). A self-portrait, Arrangement in Grey (1871–73), hangs in the Detroit Institute of Arts.

In his paintings, Whistler strove for striking pictorial effects. The impression of vibrant movement produced, for example, in his nocturnal landscapes seems at times almost unreal, as in Old Battersea Bridge: Nocturne—Blue and Gold (1872–75, Tate Gallery, London). Whistler was also a master etcher, as demonstrated by the series of etchings he executed in Venice in 1879 and 1880.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Iziashchnoe iskusstvo sozdavat’ sebe vragov. [Compiled, translated, and annotated, with an introductory article, by E. A. Nekrasova.] Moscow, 1970.

REFERENCES

McMullen, R. Victorian Outsider: James McNeill Whistler. [London-Basingstoke, 1974.
Weintraub, S. Whistler: A Biography. New York, 1974.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Sources: Nicholas Hobbes, Essential Militaria: Facts, Legends, and Curiosities about Warfare through the Ages (New York: Grove Press, 2003); The Register of Graduates and Former Cadets (West Point, N.Y.: Association of Graduates, USMA, 2005); United States Military Academy, "About the Academy," http://www.usma.edu/ about.asp; Wikipedia, "James McNeill Whistler," http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_McNeill_Whistler; Jim Stokely, Fort Moultrie: Constant Defender (Washington: Department of the Interior, 1985).
She has written extensively on the work of James McNeill Whistler, and is particularly interested in artists who cross cultural boundaries.
The Hunterian Art Gallery holds one of the largest collections of the work of the American-born painter James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903).
WHAT: Whistler Ceremony for the centenary of the death of the celebrated American-born painter James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903).
Also on This Day: 1509: Birth of French religious reformer John Calvin; 1792: Birth of novelist Captain Frederick Marryat, author of Children of the New Forest; 1806: Death of animal painter George Stubbs; 1834: Birth of American artist James McNeill Whistler; 1871: Birth of French author Marcel Proust; 1900: Paris Metro opened; 1940: Battle of Britain began; 1958: First parking meters installed in London; 1962: First communications satellite Telstar I launched; 1996: The Princess of Wales accepted a pounds 15 million divorce settlement.
The wonderful Peacock Room by James McNeill Whistler, an American artist whose reputation was made in London, was darkening into genteel decay until its recent restoration.
The first version of the house he designed for James McNeill Whistler was rejected by the Metropolitan Board of Works but, even so, the finished product in white brick with a high, green-tiled mansard roof has the austerity of Modernism.
Comparing Minnelli to his idol, the waspish James McNeill Whistler, Clarke says of the inarticulate Minnelli that he "could scarcely make a point, let alone a witticism."
In an 1877 exhibition, James McNeill Whistler was asking two hundred guineas apiece for his paintings.
The essay "The Model" is about Joanna Hiffernan, the Irish woman who was reputed to have a fine voice and who posed for the American painter James McNeill Whistler as well as for his French friend and colleague Gustave Courbet.
When he accused James McNeill Whistler of 'flinging a pot of paint in the public's face', John Ruskin reserved his deepest outrage for the American painter's audacity in demanding from the public a price of two hundred guineas for the insult.
James McNeill Whistler, the painter perhaps best known for his immortal and unflattering portrait of his mother, dedicated his 1890 book, The Gentle Art of Making Enemies, to "...the rare Few, who early in Life have rid Themselves of the Friendships of the Many..."