James Mill


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Mill, James

 

Born Apr. 6, 1773, in Northwater Bridge, Scotland; died June 23, 1836, in Kensington. British philosopher, historian, and economist. Father of John Stuart Mill.

James Mill graduated from the faculty of theology of Edinburgh University in 1798. He became a journalist. After the publication of the History of India (vols. 1–3, 1817–18), he obtained a position in the East India Company in London, where he worked for the rest of his life. He was greatly influenced by the utilitarianism of J. Bentham. In his main philosophical work, An Analysis of the Phenomena of the Human Mind (1829), Mill followed the doctrine of D. Hume, striving to reduce all meaning to feelings or experiences, among which he included sensations and “ideas.” He made extensive use of the principle of the association of ideas proposed by Hume and D. Hartley, considering association the basic operation of consciousness. In ethics he was a utilitarian, regarding the public good as the highest principle and the criterion of morality but as a good that could not be completely realized by human beings. He saw the source of personal happiness in devotion to the common good. Characteristic of his sociological views was his denial of the concept of natural law and his effort to explain the content and structure of all social institutions in terms of the principle of utility. An adherent of liberal bourgeois political views, Mill proposed partial improvements in the British constitutional system. He considered the “middle class”—that is, the industrial and commercial bourgeoisie—the true master of the state.

I. S. NARSKII

In the book Elements of Political Economy (1821), Mill emerges as a disciple of and a commentator on D. Ricardo’s teachings, which he considered a theoretical weapon in the struggle against the vestiges of feudalism in the economy. At the same time, he distorted and oversimplified Ricardo’s theory, ignoring its essence—the labor theory of value. Thus, he laid the foundation for the disintegration of the Ricardian school. Mill is famous as one of the authors of the apologistic wages-fund theory, according to which the total share of wages in the national income is determined by natural factors and does not depend on the results of the class struggle.

WORKS

The Principles of Toleration. London, 1837.
A Fragment on Mackintosh, new ed. London, 1870.

REFERENCES

Marx, K. “K kritike politicheskoi ekonomii.” In K. Marx and F. Engels. Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 13.
Marx, K. “Teorii pribavochnoi stoimosti” (Das Kapital, vol. 4). Ibid., vol. 26.
Rozenberg, D. I. Istoriia politicheskoi ekonomii, part 2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935. Pages 304–13.
Istoriia filosofii, vol. 3. [Moscow] 1943. Pages 456–59.
Bain, A. J. Mill. London, 1882.
Stephen, L. The English Utilitarians, vol. 2. New York, 1950.
Mill, John S. Autobiography. New York [1957].
References in periodicals archive ?
While sympathetic to the aspirations of the French people and enemies of aristocracy everywhere, neither Bentham nor James Mill was an enthusiast of the principles or practices of the revolutionary leaders.
Wordsworth, Coleridge, Sterling, the Saint-Simonians--such men had nothing to say to James Mill, and he had nothing to say to them' (Kinzer 2007, p.
When one turns to the essay on "Government," the paramount necessity of the existence of such a coherent moral and political "community" in order to make his proposal for a reformed government "representative" through the "identity of interests between ruler and ruled" becomes clear (see also James Mill 1825b, 213).
James Mill died before his son's first major work, System of Logic (1843), appeared.
Cardiff AAC Results: Tom Marshall (14) 26:58, Michael Ward (5) 14:44, Rowan Axe (2)26:53, Jonathan Peters (1) 15:00, Joe MacDonald (1) 26:01, James Mills (1) 15:33, Carwyn Jones (1) 27:30, Matthew Edwards (3) 16:01, Kevin Seaward (3) 27:25, Nathaniel Lane (3) 15:37, Michael Kallenberg (3) 28:21, James Thie (3) 14:52.
Andrew James Mills, 23, of Deepdale Avenue, Middlesbrough, given a one year community order, with a programme requirement and 73 day curfew requirement, for theft.
High-flying Town hit back within a minute as Gary Hall slotted in and James Mills smashed them ahead as his unstoppable drive crashed in off the stanchion.
James Mills today opens his first exhibition on his 100th birthday.
We are tremendously excited to have Ron Paul here in Mason City," said James Mills, Paul's co-chair for the 4th district for Iowa in a press release.
Wrexham's James Mills has now transferred to Cardiff AC after moving to work in the capital.
She is survived by her three children and their spouses, Nancy Manoog, Deborah and James Mills and John and Nicole Manoog.
We think this is of some concern and that it needs extra follow-up," said James Mills, M.