James Murray


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Murray, James,

1721?–94, British general, first civil governor of Canada, b. Scotland. He went to Canada as an army officer in 1757 and was prominent at the siege of Louisburg (1758) and in the crucial battle on the Plains of Abraham. Murray was given command of Quebec and withstood the efforts of the French. He was made military governor of Quebec and after the Treaty of Paris (1763) became (1764) the first civil governor of Canada, then called the Province of Quebec. His efforts to protect the French Canadians prepared the way for the Quebec Act (1774) and earned him the enmity of many of the English. Summoned (1766) to England to face charges of betraying British interests, he was vindicated. Although he continued in the governorship until 1768, he did not return to Canada. He remained in the army and reached the rank of full general (1783).
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Murray, James

(1837–1915) renowned editor of the Oxford English Dictionary. [Br. Hist.: Caught in the Web of Words]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Following on from his success as `Braveheart' Wallace, Gibson will play Dr James Murray, a dusty Scots academic who befriended a mad murderer to produce the first Oxford Dictionary.
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It is 1878 and the group of intellectuals formed to create first Oxford English Dictionary (OED) has approached a Scottish intellectual and philologist, James Murray, to serve as its editor.
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James Murray glanced a header wide in the first half for the Whites, with Town's Gray doing likewise for the visitors.