James Nasmyth


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nasmyth, James

 

Born Aug. 19, 1808, in Edinburgh; died May 7, 1890, in London. English machine builder.

Nasmyth received a classical school education; from 1829 to 1831 he studied under H. Maudslay. He established his own machine-building enterprise in Manchester (beginning in 1834). In 1839 he designed a steam hammer, for which he received a patent in 1842. He built shaping and milling machines for work on the side planes of nuts. In 1843 he traveled to St. Petersburg; he later supplied steam hammers and machine tools to Russia. He published a treatise in which he drew conclusions from his experience in designing metalworking machines (1841).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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His invention so pleased James Nasmyth that he captured the steam hammer at his Manchester foundry in a striking oil painting by his own hand.
The emerging civil and mechanical engineer epitomized by James Nasmyth came back with drawings for new machines and structures.
James Nasmyth and the Bridgewater Foundry: A Study of Entrepreneurship in the Early Engineering Industry.
Items designed and built by IMechE members included: Joseph Whitworth's measuring tools, which set standards for screws that endured until 1986; William Fairbairn's riveting machine for wrought-iron boilers, which made domestic heating possible; James Nasmyth's steam hammer, which could use enough regulated force to either shape metal or break an eggshell; and Henry and Joseph Maudslay's marine steam engines.
After tea, Dr Allan Chapman of Wadham College, Oxford provided a 'grand finale' to the day with a talk bearing the title: 'James Nasmyth: Astronomer of Fire'.
Early japanned tinware's forms were limited by handwork, but after 1842, when James Nasmyth adapted the steam hammer, presses operated with a precision previously unknown to tinplate workers.
After a while the intention is to convert it to a Nasmyth--Cassegrain form, when it will be renamed the 'James Nasmyth Telescope'.