James Pollard Espy


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Espy, James Pollard

 

Born May 9, 1785, in Washington County, Penn.; died Jan. 24, 1860, in Cincinnati, Ohio. American meteorologist.

Beginning in 1817, Espy worked at the Franklin Institute. In 1843 he became director of the Weather Bureau of the US War Department, where he compiled the first weather maps in the United States. Espy developed the theory of atmospheric convection with allowance for the heat released by the condensation of vapor in clouds. He also proposed the “centripetal” theory of cyclones, an important step in the development of the theory of cyclone formation.

WORKS

The Philosophy of Storms. Boston, 1841.

REFERENCES

Khrgian, A. Kh. Ocherki razvitiia meteorologii. Leningrad, 1948.
Shaw, N. Manual of Meteorology, vol. 1. Cambridge, 1926. Page 136.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
IN 1838, JAMES POLLARD ESPY, the first meteorologist to be employed by the US government, made an odd request to the Senate: He proposed they pay him for burning huge swaths of the nation's forests.