James V

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James V,

1512–42, king of Scotland (1513–42), son and successor of James IV. His mother, Margaret TudorMargaret Tudor,
1489–1541, queen consort of James IV of Scotland; daughter of Henry VII of England and sister of Henry VIII. Her marriage (1503) to James was accompanied by a treaty of "perpetual peace" between Scotland and England, a peace that was ended when James
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, held the regency until her marriage in 1514 to Archibald DouglasDouglas, Archibald, 6th earl of Angus,
1489–1557, Scottish nobleman; grandson of Archibald Douglas, 5th earl of Douglas.
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, 6th earl of Angus, when she lost it to John StuartStuart or Stewart, John, duke of Albany
, 1481–1536, regent of Scotland; son of Alexander Stuart, duke of Albany, and grandson of James II of Scotland.
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, duke of Albany. The factions of Albany, Angus, and the queen mother struggled for control until Angus seized (1526) the young king. In 1528, James escaped, and Angus fled to England. James began to ally himself with France against his uncle, Henry VIIIHenry VIII,
1491–1547, king of England (1509–47), second son and successor of Henry VII. Early Life

In his youth he was educated in the new learning of the Renaissance and developed great skill in music and sports.
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 of England. In 1537 he married Madeleine, daughter of Francis I of France, and after her death in the same year he married (1538) Mary of GuiseMary of Guise
, 1515–60, queen consort of James V of Scotland and regent for her daughter, Mary Queen of Scots. The daughter of Claude de Lorraine, duc de Guise, she was also known as Mary of Lorraine.
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. James rejected Henry's attempts to win his support for the English religious policy, and in 1542 war broke out between the two countries. James's nobles gave him little support, and his army was routed at Solway Moss in 1542. He died shortly thereafter and was succeeded by his infant daughter, Mary Queen of ScotsMary Queen of Scots
(Mary Stuart), 1542–87, only child of James V of Scotland and Mary of Guise. Through her grandmother Margaret Tudor, Mary had the strongest claim to the throne of England after the children of Henry VIII.
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James V

1512--42, king of Scotland (1513--42), son of James IV
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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