James Young Simpson

(redirected from James Young, 1st Baronet Simpson)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Simpson, James Young


Born June 7, 1811, in Bathgate, Scotland; died May 6, 1870, in Edinburgh. Scottish surgeon, obstetrician, and gynecologist.

Simpson graduated from the University of Edinburgh in 1832. In 1840 he was appointed to the university’s chair of midwifery. In 1846 he introduced the use of anesthetic ether in obstetric practice, and in 1847 he proposed the use of chloroform as an anesthetic. Simpson developed a method of prophylactic version (1850) and perfected several medical instruments, including the obstetrical forceps.

Simpson was a member and president (from 1847) of the Edinburgh Royal College of Physicians and an honorary member of many scientific societies in Europe and America. A medical center that includes a general hospital and a maternity hospital has been named in honor of Simpson in Edinburgh.


Anaesthesia. Philadelphia, 1849.
Clinical Lectures on Diseases of Women. Philadelphia, 1863.


Aleksandrov, L. P. Pamiati W. Morton’a i J. Simpson’a. Moscow, 1896.
Gordon, H. L. Sir J. Y. Simpson and Chloroform. London, 1897.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.