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Jammu(jŭ`mo͞o), city (1991 pop. 206,135), Jammu and Kashmir union territory, N India, on the Tawi River and in the Himalayan foothills. The winter capital of Jammu and Kashmir, it is strategically important as the southern terminus of a highway linking the Vale of Kashmir with the North Indian plain. Once the seat of a Rajput dynasty, Jammu became the nucleus of the dominions of Gulab Singh, founder of the last ruling house of Kashmir. On one bank of the river is Jammu's old Fort of Bahu; on the other bank is the maharaja's palace. Jammu and Kashmir has for years been the site of border disputes with Pakistan in the north and with China in the northeast. It is the only Indian state with a Muslim majority. See KashmirKashmir
, region and former princely state, 85,714 sq mi (222,236 sq km), NW India, NE Pakistan, and SW China. Kashmir is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the south by India, and on the north and east by China.
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a city in northwestern India in the state of Jammu and Kashmir; the second administrative center (winter residence) of the state. Population, 155,200, (1971). Located on a major highway, Jammu is an important transportation and commercial center in the foothills of the Himalayas and the Tawi River valley. Its industries include silk spinning, rice milling, and the production of rubber goods, leatherwares, pottery, and medications.