Jammu and Kashmir


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Jammu and Kashmir:

see KashmirKashmir
, region and former princely state, 85,714 sq mi (222,236 sq km), NW India, NE Pakistan, and SW China. Kashmir is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the south by India, and on the north and east by China.
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Jammu and Kashmir

 

(Kashmir), a territory in South Asia. Area, 222,000 sq km. Population approximately 5 million. Under the Indian constitution, Jammu and Kashmir is a state in the Republic of India. The chief city is Srinagar. A part of Jammu and Kashmir is controlled by the government of Pakistan.

Natural features. The territory of Jammu and Kashmir is crossed from northwest to southeast by high mountain ridges that are part of the Karakoram Range and the western Himalayas. There are glaciers, and on the slopes there are coniferous and broad-leaved forests. In the northeast the climate is mountain subtropical, which is dry with below-freezing winters. The southwest is monsoonal and warm. The important rivers are the Indus, with its tributary the Gilgit, and the Jhelum. The best developed and economically the most important area is the fertile Vale of Kashmir, located in the southwest at an elevation of approximately 1,600 m, between the Pir Panjal Range and the Great Himalayas.

Economy. More than 80 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture. The sown area totals approximately 700,000 hectares (ha), of which 312,000 ha are irrigated. Concentrated in the Vale of Kashmir is one-third of all the arable land and most of the staple crops—rice (area sown, 239,000 ha; yield in 1968-69, 487,000 tons), wheat (200,000 ha sown; 210,000 tons), and corn (241,000 ha sown; 222,000 tons). Market gardens, orchards (walnuts, almonds, apples, pears, peaches, and other fruits), and plantations of medicinal herbs are of commercial importance. The range breeding of sheep (1.2 million head), goat raising (600,000 head), cattle raising (1.8 million head), and buffalo raising (400,000 head in 1966) also play an important part in the economy. A traditional occupation is the raising of silkworms.

The principal export from Jammu and Kashmir to other areas of the country is timber. Resin is collected in the forests, and fur resources are exploited (otters and leopards). Hydroelectric power resources are estimated at 6.6 million kilowatts, with a total power station capacity of approximately 44,000 kilowatts (1969). There is extensive cottage industry producing rugs, shawls, embroidery, jewelry, and items made of wood, papier-mâhe, and leather. There are silk-reeling and woolen mills, woodworking and machine shops, and leather and rug workshops in Jammu and Kashmir.

The mild climate and scenic landscapes of the Vale of Kashmir have won it fame as an international tourist attraction.

G. V. SDASIUK

Jammu and Kashmir

the official name for the part of Kashmir under Indian control
References in periodicals archive ?
Addressing the ceremony speakers including JKLL President Justice (r) Abdul Majeed Mallick said that best way to pay rich tribute to late KH Khursheed is to perpetuate the ideology primarily based on the freedom and sovereignty of the people of Jammu and Kashmir through the achievement of their legitimate right to self-determination acknowledged by the international community through the UN resolutions.
of Kashmir issue in line with the wishes of the people of Jammu and Kashmir, major party to the dispute, in order to ensure the establishment of everlasting peace in South Asia in particularly and the world-over in general.
5 The MC identified the Azad Kashmir Government as the government of both 'territories of the State of Jammu and Kashmir which have been liberated by the people of that state'.
He also rejected the Indian rhetoric of describing Jammu and Kashmir as its integral part and said that Kashmir was internationally-recognized dispute.
Petitioner Zulfiqar Ahmed Raja Advocate contended in his petition that Azad Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly have no constitutional and legal powers to pass the Property Tax Act 2015 and Property Tax Rules 2015 under Clause A of sub section 2 of the section 31 of Act 1974 (Interim Constitution of AJK).
The AJK President Sardar Muhammad Yaqub Khan said that this day reminds us the determination of people of Jammu and Kashmir who laid down their precious lives for Pakistan.
None of the legislations made by the Centre was applicable to Jammu and Kashmir, he told the crowds at BJP's Lalkar rally in Jammu's M.
Addressing the rally speakers including ex President of Jammu Kashmir Plebiscite Front's leaders including ex President Mohammad Azeem Dutt Advocate, JKLF leaders Saad Insari Advocate and Khawaja Pervez Iqbal and others paid rich tributes to Maqbool Butt for giving the supreme sacrifice of his life for the cause of the liberation of Jammu and Kashmir from the Indian yoke.
Mohammad Sideeque, and others contended in their petition that Azad Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly have no constitutional and legal powers to pass the Property Tax Act 2015 and Property Tax Rules 2015 under the Interim
The day is observed every year as state holiday throughout Azad Jammu and Kashmir on the occasion.
Jammu (Jammu and Kashmir) [India] February 26 ( ANI ): A controversy has erupted after a question in the Jammu and Kashmir Service Selection Recruitment Board (SSRB) exams regraded Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) as 'Azad Kashmir'.
He said that Kashmir Solidarity Day was more important as the solidarity of people of Pakistan with AJ and K people convey a new message of dedication and commitment to the freedom of occupied Jammu and Kashmir from the Indian bondage - continuing for over last seven decades.
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