Jamnia


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Jamnia

(jăm`nēə), biblical Jabneel (jăb`nē-ĕl, jăb`nēl) and Jabneh (jăb`nə, –nē) [Heb.,=God causes to build], ancient city, central Israel. Its modern name is Yavne. A central city of Philistia, the Bible refers to its walls being destroyed by Uzziah. It was pillaged by Judas Maccabaeus and later rebuilt. In the last years before the sack of Jerusalem (A.D. 70), Jamnia became a great Jewish cultural center. At the prayer of Johanan ben ZakkaiJohanan ben Zakkai
, leader of the Pharisees of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, afterward founder of the Jewish academy at Jamnia. He emphasized the study of the Torah as the primary religious duty for which humankind was created. After A.D.
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, Vespasian spared Jamnia and permitted Johanan to settle there as leader of the Jewish community after the fall of Jerusalem. The Great Sanhedrin was moved to Jamnia, and the city became the capital of the Jews until the rise of Simon Bar KokbaBar Kokba, Simon,
or Simon Bar Cochba
[Heb.,=son of the star], d. A.D. 135, Hebrew hero and leader of a major revolt against Rome under Hadrian (132–135). He may have claimed to be a Messiah; the Talmud relates that Akiba ben Joseph credited him with this title.
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. In the Middle Ages the Crusaders fortified the city.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another example of stretching the limits of contemplation, linked to the text of the Torah and encompassing scholarly personal development, can be found in the Talmud Bavli where it states: "One taught: There was an assiduous student at Jamnia [Or Jabneh] who by a hundred and fifty reasons proved that a [dead] creeping thing was clean" (Slotki 1938a, 85).
In this book, author Ali Jamnia presents readers with a comprehensive guide to the entire cycle of electromechanical product design from a systems perspective.
The emergence of "new man" has transformed the conventional notion of man to a soft man with appealing and pleasant appearance (Pan & Jamnia, 2015).
They were the only group, besides the small group of Jews that left to found a Torah-based community in Jamnia, to refuse.
Saba Symba jamnia." The numbers appear elsewhere on the map marking the positions of the geographical features named.
According to Stone, the Council of Jayne (or Jamnia), should be viewed as a construct paralleling the (Christian) first Council of Nicea (325 c.E.), which settled, to some degree, the debate within early Christian communities concerning the divinity of Jesus.
71), it was accepted at the Council of Jamnia in 90 CE.
This unique timing led to a similar understanding within Judaism in the codification of the Mishnah (though not earlier at Jamnia as previously assumed) and within Islam in the Qur'an--setting the three monotheistic religions apart from other world religions.
When he and his men went to gather up the bodies of the slain and bury them with their kinsmen, "Under the tunic of each of the dead they found amulets sacred to the idols of Jamnia, which the lazy, forbids the Jews to wear.
Even before the Gospel of John was explained in this fashion, these Justinian citations had been accounted for by the assumption that there was indeed a benediction/curse against Christians established at "Jamnia ca.