Jamnia


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Jamnia

(jăm`nēə), biblical Jabneel (jăb`nē-ĕl, jăb`nēl) and Jabneh (jăb`nə, –nē) [Heb.,=God causes to build], ancient city, central Israel. Its modern name is Yavne. A central city of Philistia, the Bible refers to its walls being destroyed by Uzziah. It was pillaged by Judas Maccabaeus and later rebuilt. In the last years before the sack of Jerusalem (A.D. 70), Jamnia became a great Jewish cultural center. At the prayer of Johanan ben ZakkaiJohanan ben Zakkai
, leader of the Pharisees of Jerusalem before the destruction of the Temple in A.D. 70, afterward founder of the Jewish academy at Jamnia. He emphasized the study of the Torah as the primary religious duty for which humankind was created. After A.D.
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, Vespasian spared Jamnia and permitted Johanan to settle there as leader of the Jewish community after the fall of Jerusalem. The Great Sanhedrin was moved to Jamnia, and the city became the capital of the Jews until the rise of Simon Bar KokbaBar Kokba, Simon,
or Simon Bar Cochba
[Heb.,=son of the star], d. A.D. 135, Hebrew hero and leader of a major revolt against Rome under Hadrian (132–135). He may have claimed to be a Messiah; the Talmud relates that Akiba ben Joseph credited him with this title.
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. In the Middle Ages the Crusaders fortified the city.
References in periodicals archive ?
71), it was accepted at the Council of Jamnia in 90 CE.
Saba Symba jamnia Zaba, from Ptolemy which he placed on the Malay Peninsula (43).
It] is to be hoped that, like the Alexandrian canon, the Synod of Jamnia as a canonizing event is now buried deep in the graveyard of superseded theories" (p.
This unique timing led to a similar understanding within Judaism in the codification of the Mishnah (though not earlier at Jamnia as previously assumed) and within Islam in the Qur'an--setting the three monotheistic religions apart from other world religions.
When he and his men went to gather up the bodies of the slain and bury them with their kinsmen, "Under the tunic of each of the dead they found amulets sacred to the idols of Jamnia, which the lazy, forbids the Jews to wear.
For many years it was thought that the Hebrew Scriptures were in a state of flux until the canonical issue was settled definitively at the Rabbinic assembly which met at Jamnia (Jabneh) in A.
He begins with an anecdote about Jewish debates in Babylon on whether to serve Nebuchadnezzar and ends with a tale about a conversation between Johanan ben Zakkai and Vespasian that won Johanan a claim to imperial property near Jamnia, where he founded rabbinic Judaism.
In the two last sources the store mentioned is that of the city of Jamnia in the generation after Bar-Kochva's Revolt (A.
In the traditional view, still dominant in popular understanding but also frequently found in scholarly circles, a sharp distinction between "Judaism" and "Christianity" had already taken place in Matthew's situation - often connected with a supposed "council" of Jamnia that altered the synagogue liturgy in such a way that Christians could no longer participate.
With regard to the third section, "The Writings," both Sanders and Charlesworth part from the traditional date at Jamnia in 90 C.