John III Sobieski

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John III Sobieski

 

Born Aug. 17, 1629, in Olesko; died June 17, 1696, in Wilanów. King of Poland from 1674.

As grand hetmán of the crown, Sobieski commanded the Polish troops in the Polish-Turkish War of 1672–76; he crushed a Turkish army in a battle at Khotin on Nov. 11, 1673. He was elected king by the Sejm after this victory. In April 1683 he entered into an alliance with the Austrian Hapsburgs to oppose Turkish aggression; coming to the aid of the Austrians, he routed the Turks in a battle near Vienna on Sept. 12, 1683.

Sobieski drew Russia into the anti-Turkish coalition by concluding with Russia the Eternal Peace of 1686. Sobieski attempted to establish a hereditary monarchy in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth but encountered resistance from the Polish magnates and opposition from Austria and Brandenburg.

References in periodicals archive ?
The 435-room hotel, now known as Jan III Sobieski Hotel, is scheduled to be re-branded in the third quarter 2011.
The history of the campus began on 23 April 1677, when the village of Milanow became the property of the Polish king, Jan III Sobieski.
If the Hussars of Poland's King Jan III Sobieski (1629-1696) hadn't arrived in the nick of time to help rout the Ottomans outside Vienna's walls, Europe would now be Islamised in part or in whole from the Atlantic to the Polish-Russian border, and resemble, on a larger scale, multi-ethnic present-day Bosnia-Herzegovina, with Muslims in the majority.
HOLIDAY INFO: Two nights B&B at the four-star Jan III Sobieski and flights from Heathrow or Manchester costs pounds 310pp between February 1 and the end of March.