John III Sobieski

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

John III Sobieski


Born Aug. 17, 1629, in Olesko; died June 17, 1696, in Wilanów. King of Poland from 1674.

As grand hetmán of the crown, Sobieski commanded the Polish troops in the Polish-Turkish War of 1672–76; he crushed a Turkish army in a battle at Khotin on Nov. 11, 1673. He was elected king by the Sejm after this victory. In April 1683 he entered into an alliance with the Austrian Hapsburgs to oppose Turkish aggression; coming to the aid of the Austrians, he routed the Turks in a battle near Vienna on Sept. 12, 1683.

Sobieski drew Russia into the anti-Turkish coalition by concluding with Russia the Eternal Peace of 1686. Sobieski attempted to establish a hereditary monarchy in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth but encountered resistance from the Polish magnates and opposition from Austria and Brandenburg.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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HOLIDAY INFO: Two nights B&B at the four-star Jan III Sobieski and flights from Heathrow or Manchester costs pounds 310pp between February 1 and the end of March.
At a personal level they were joined in 1719 when Maria Clementina Sobieska (grand-daughter of Poland's king Jan III Sobieski) married James Edward Stuart, James III of Scotland.
The brand is named for the Polish King Jan III Sobieski and is produced in a world-class distillery founded in 1846.