Jan Mayen


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Jan Mayen

(yän mī`ən), island, c.145 sq mi (380 sq km), in the Arctic Ocean, c.300 mi (480 km) E of Scoresby Sound, E Greenland. It was annexed by Norway in 1929. The island is barren tundra land rising abruptly to Håkon VII Toppen (c.7,450 ft/2,270 m) on Mt. Beerenberg, an extinct volcano. Fog and stormy weather characterize the island. Except for a radio-meteorological station, the island is uninhabited, but it is visited by sealers. It was discovered (1607) by Henry Hudson and named for Jan Jacobsz May, a Dutch whaler who landed there in 1614.

Jan Mayen

 

an island in the northern Atlantic Ocean; a possession of Norway. Jan Mayen Island has an area of 380 sq km. It is composed of basalts, tuffs, and ash. In the northeast the volcanic Mount Beerenberg rises to an elevation of 2,277 m. The volcano, which has a crater measuring 1.2–1.4 km in diameter, last erupted in 1970. The crater and the slopes above an elevation of 500 m are covered with ice, and individual outlet glaciers descend to the sea. The glaciated area is 117 sq km. The southwest section is a steplike plateau with volcanic craters to 840 m in elevation. Earthquakes occur frequently. The vegetation features moss and lichen tundras and oceanic meadows.

The island has colonies of shorebirds. Polar bears and white and blue arctic foxes abound, and harp seals inhabit the coastal waters. Radio navigation and meteorological stations are maintained.

The island was named for the Dutch navigator Jan Mayen, who in 1614 led a voyage that determined its precise position.

Jan Mayen

an island in the Arctic Ocean, between Greenland and N Norway: volcanic, with large glaciers; former site of Dutch whaling stations; annexed to Norway in 1929. Area: 373 sq. km (144 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Generally, it was desirable to keep as far as possible from the German airfields in northern Norway and to evade Uboats lurking between Jan Mayen and Bear Islands.
All of the samples have been collected as part of the exploration for reservoir rocks on the Jan Mayen Ridge, and the outermost parts of the continental shelf in the Norwegian Sea.
In 1981, Iceland and Norway, following the recommendations made by a Conciliation Commission, delimited the continental shelf between Iceland and the island of Jan Mayen.
The largest event recorded on the plate boundary along the Jan Mayen Fracture Zone occurred recently, on 30 August 2012, with a magnitude of 6.
The NPD mapped out the sea bed around Jan Mayen island, situated to the east of Greenland and north of Iceland, and thinks it could contain some 566 million barrels of oil equivalent in reserves.
The Dreki area is part of the Jan Mayen Ridge micro-continent, which was separated from the continental shelf of Greenland and Norway by plate tectonic movements 45-60 million years ago.
The text also includes a visitor's guide that spotlights specific countries and regions, such as Iceland, Jan Mayen, Bear Island, Fennoscandia and Russia.
Norwegian whaling vessels, which generally request significant increases in their quotas, failed to reach their targets this year due to adverse weather conditions around Jan Mayen island, north east of Iceland, he explained.
However, Nb and Ta are compatible in some Jan Mayen and Hawaiian suites, apparently reflecting Fe-Ti oxide precipitation (Maaloe et al.
Ademas de su territorio continental que se encuentra en la peninsula de Escandinavia compartida con Suecia que ocupa la vertiente oriental de los montes escandinavos, el reino noruego tiene varios dominios ultramarinos, entre ellos el archipielago de Svalbard en el Artico, al norte de Noruega, la isla Jan Mayen tambien en el Artico, asi como la isla Bouvet en el Atlantico Sur.
NORDIC BUSINESS REPORT-14 January 2002-Iceland hopes for prospecting applications for Jan Mayen ridge (C)1994-2002 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.
Whether cycling across Iceland or hitching a lift on a flotilla of Viking pleasure boats, 'enjoying' an abortive attempt to land on the volcanic island of Jan Mayen or avoiding the attention of random polar bears and Austrians, his touch is assured, the observations of a seasoned traveller laced with a caustic and ribald humour.