Jan Zelivsky

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Želivský, Jan


Date of birth unknown; died Mar. 9, 1422, in Prague. Leader in the Hussite revolutionary movement in Bohemia; leader of the Prague poor; priest.

In the spring of 1420, while Emperor Sigismund I was preparing a crusade against Hussite Bohemia, Želivský succeeded in persuading the Prague burghers to join the Hussite movement. He helped to transform the capital into an impregnable fortress in the struggle against the crusaders. In 1421 he subjected a number of Czech cities to Prague’s authority and became the leader of revolutionary detachments. Želivský established a revolutionary dictatorship based upon the poor population of Prague, which existed from 1419 to 1422. Reactionary elements seized power in the city in early 1422, and Želivský was treacherously captured and executed.


Dochovaná kázáni z roku 1419, vol. 1. Prague, 1953.


Ozolin, A. I. Iz istorii gusitskogo revoliutsionnogo dvizheniia. Saratov, 1962.
Kratochvil, M. V.Jan Želivský. Prague, 1953.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Priest Jan Zelivsky, preaching in the New Town of Prague at the Church of St.
Jan Zelivsky, "the preacher of poor, deprived and oppressed people,"(65) accused prelates and magistrates of perpetuating the sufferings of common people.
(28) "sacerdos Iohannes monachus apostate de Zeliv." The appellation refers to Priest Jan Zelivsky. See Amedeo Molnar, "Zelivsky, predicateur de la revolution," Communio viatorum, 2 (Winter 1959), 327.
(56) The term is from Jan Zelivsky's sermon of 9 July 1419.
(66) See Zelivsky's sermons for 17 April and 8 June 1419 in Molnar (ed.), Jan Zelivsky Dochovana kazani roku 1419, pp.