Jane Addams

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Jane Addams
BirthplaceCedarville, Illinois, U.S.
Social and political activist, author and lecturer, community organizer, public intellectual
Education Bachelor of Social Work (BA, BSc or BSW) degree Socionom Master of Social Work degree (MA, MSc or MSW) Doctor of Social Work degree (Ph.D or DSW) International Association of Schools of Social Work Council on Social Work Education Schools of social work

Addams, Jane,

1860–1935, American social worker, b. Cedarville, Ill., grad. Rockford College, 1881. In 1889, with Ellen Gates Starr, she founded Hull House in Chicago, one of the first social settlements in the United States (see settlement housesettlement house,
neighborhood welfare institution generally in an urban slum area, where trained workers endeavor to improve social conditions, particularly by providing community services and promoting neighborly cooperation.
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). Based on the university settlements begun in England by Samuel BarnettBarnett, Samuel Augustus
, 1844–1913, English clergyman and social worker. As vicar of St. Jude's, Whitechapel, in the slums of London, he pioneered in the social settlement movement.
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, Hull House served as a community center for the neighborhood poor and later as a center for social reform activities. It was important in Chicago civic affairs and had an influence on the settlement movement throughout the country. An active reformer throughout her career, Jane Addams was a leader in the woman's suffragewoman suffrage,
the right of women to vote. Throughout the latter part of the 19th cent. the issue of women's voting rights was an important phase of feminism. In the United States

It was first seriously proposed in the United States at Seneca Falls, N.Y.
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 and pacifist (see pacifismpacifism,
advocacy of opposition to war through individual or collective action against militarism. Although complete, enduring peace is the goal of all pacifism, the methods of achieving it differ.
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) movements, and was a strong opponent of the Spanish-American War. She was the recipient (jointly with Nicholas Murray ButlerButler, Nicholas Murray,
1862–1947, American educator, president of Columbia Univ. (1902–45), b. Elizabeth, N.J., grad. Columbia (B.A., 1882; Ph.D., 1884). Holding a Columbia fellowship, he studied at Paris and Berlin, specializing in philosophy.
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) of the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. Her books on social questions include The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets (1909), A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil (1912), and Peace and Bread in Time of War (1922).


See her autobiographical Twenty Years at Hull-House (1910) and The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House (1930); the selected works in The Jane Addams Reader (ed. by J. B. Elshtain, 2001); biographies by J. W. Linn, her nephew (1935), A. F. Davis (1973), G. Diliberto (1999), and L. W. Knight (2005); studies by D. Levine (1971) and J. B. Elshtain (2001).

Addams, Jane

(1860–1935) social reformer, pacifist; born in Cedarville, Ill. Raised in comfort by her widowed father, a state senator and abolitionist (he was a friend of Abraham Lincoln), she studied at the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania for a few months before spinal illness and a realization that she was not cut out to be a doctor led her to withdraw (1882). Disturbed by urban poverty and searching for meaningful work, she visited Toynbee Hall, a pioneering settlement house in London, which inspired her, with Ellen Starr, to found Hull House, a settlement house in Chicago (1889). She lived and worked out of Hull House for the rest of her life, developing educational, cultural, and medical programs for the community, while lobbying for improved housing, fair labor practices, and just treatment for immigrants and the poor. Hull House also had great influence beyond Chicago by both inspiring similar institutions in American cities and by training many individuals who became notable reformers. Addams herself was so far in advance of many Americans on social issues in her day that she was attacked by some as a subversive. A staunch supporter of women's suffrage, she served as vice-president of the National American Suffrage Alliance (1911–14). An unwavering pacifist, she was president of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (1919–35) and shared the Nobel Prize for Peace (1931). She lectured and published widely; her many books include Twenty Years at Hull-House (1910) and Peace and Bread in Time of War (1922).
References in periodicals archive ?
Saunders said, "I am most grateful to the Hull House Association for choosing me to receive the Jane Addams Award.
Jane Addams revolutionized the way our society helps the poor families when she brought settlement houses to the United States in the 1880s.
Louise Knight, Jane Addams biographer and WILPF member, talked about the powerful and long-lasting effects of Addams's own political awakening and the essential connection between the labor movement and the very foundation of our democracy.
Members of the 2010 Jane Addams Children's Book Awards Committee are Barbara Bair (Washington, D.
True (emeritus, Assumption College in Worcester, Massachusetts) presents 41 short profiles of individuals, organizations, and movements that have contributed to "people power" The selected individuals include writer/activists Noam Chomsky and Howard Zinn, African freedom fighters Stephen Biko and Nelson Mandela, union activists Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta, the antiwar priests Daniel and Philip Berrigan, Chicago Seven figure Dave Dellinger, Indian anti-imperialists Mohandas Gandhi and Vandana Shiva, philosopher Bertrand Russell, writers Leo Tolstoy and Henry David Thoreau, progressive reformer Jane Addams, anarchist activist Emma Goldman, and socialist politician Eugene Debs.
Jane Addams would have understood these distinctions between standardized curricula and curricula that encourage questioning.
Portland distributed five sets of Jane Addams Books to local schools, including one in Vancouver, WA.
Combining historical analysis of such figures as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Frederick Douglass, Jane Addams, and Eugene V.
WILPF, she spoke at the dedication of a stained glass window of Jane Addams at Grace Cathedral in San Francisco.
This three-volume set with cumulative index includes an 11-chapter almanac describing the labor movement, industrialization, immigration, Western expansion, populism, and the varying results of progressivism, a volume of biographies including those of Jane Addams, Lewis Hine, Scott Joplin, Sitting Bull and Hannah Solomon, and a collection of primary sources, including excerpts from the Chinese Exclusion Act and Riis's How the Other Half Lives and other significant works, interviews and newspaper accounts.
I'm sitting at my favorite locally-owned cafe with a spicy chai and the New York Times, ready to write about Jane Addams Peace Association's new Planned Giving Campaign.
15, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- The Jane Addams Hull House Association (Hull House) today announced the continuation of its partnership with ARAMARK (www.