Jane Austen

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Austen, Jane

(ô`stən), 1775–1817, English novelist. The daughter of a clergyman, she spent the first 25 years of her life at "Steventon," her father's Hampshire vicarage. Here her first novels, Pride and Prejudice, Sense and Sensibility, and Northanger Abbey, were written, although they were not published until much later. On her father's retirement in 1801, the family moved to Bath for several years and then to Southampton, settling finally at Chawton Cottage, near Alton, Hampshire, which was Jane's home for the rest of her life.

Northanger Abbey, a satire on the Gothic romanceGothic romance,
type of novel that flourished in the late 18th and early 19th cent. in England. Gothic romances were mysteries, often involving the supernatural and heavily tinged with horror, and they were usually set against dark backgrounds of medieval ruins and haunted
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, was sold to a publisher for £10 in 1803, but as it was not published, was bought back by members of the family and was finally issued posthumously. The novels published in Austen's lifetime were Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814), and Emma (1816). Persuasion was issued in 1818 with Northanger Abbey. The author's name did not appear on any of her title pages, and although her own friends knew of her authorship, she received little public recognition in her lifetime.

Jane Austen's novels are comedies of manners that depict the self-contained world of provincial ladies and gentlemen. Most of her works revolve around the delicate business of providing husbands for marriageable daughters. She is particularly noted for her vivid delineations and lively interplay of character, her superb sense of comic irony, and her moral firmness. She ridicules the silly, the affected, and the stupid, ranging in her satire from light portraiture in her early works to more scornful exposures in her later novels. Her writing was subjected to the most careful polishing. She was quite aware of her special excellences and limitations, comparing herself to a miniaturist. Today she is regarded as one of the great masters of the English novel. Her minor works include her Juvenilia, the novel Lady Susan, and the fragments The Watsons and Sanditon.

Bibliography

See her letters (4th ed., ed. by D. La Faye, 2011); biographies by J. A. Hodge (1972), J. Halperin (1986), P. Honan (1988), V. G. Myer (1997), D. Nokes (1997), C. Tomalin (1997), C. Shields (2001), and P. Byrne (2013); studies by A. W. Litz (1965), F. W. Bradbook (1966), A. M. Duckworth (1971), K. Kroeber (1971), F. B. Pinion (1973), S. M. Tave (1973), C. Johnson (1988), C. Harman (2010), R. M. Brownstein (2011), R. and L. Adkins (2013), and J. Barchas (2013).

Austen, Jane

 

Born Dec. 16, 1775, in Steventon, Hampshire; died July 18, 1817, in Winchester. English writer. Daughter of a country pastor.

Austen’s novel Northanger Abbey (1797–98; published 1818) is a parody of the Gothic novel. In the novels Sense and Sensibility (vols. 1–3, 1811) and Pride and Prejudice (vols. 1–3, 1813; Russian translation, 1967) the way of life and manners of the provincial gentry and clergy are depicted realistically, without any moralizing. The broad range of humor and profound psychologism in her novels, including the later works Mansfield Park (1814), Emma (vols. 1–3, 1816), and Persuasion (published 1818), make her a forerunner of critical realism in English literature.

WORKS

The Works. [Bristol, 1968.]
Letters. London-New York, 1955.

REFERENCE

Kettl, A. Vvedenie v istoriiu angliiskogo romana. Moscow, 1966.
Bel’skii, A. A. Angliiskii roman 1800–1810-kh godov. Perm’, 1968. Pages 47–107.
Jane Austen: The Critical Heritage. Edited by B. C. Southam. London-New York, 1969.
Mansell, D. The Novels of Jane Austen. London, 1973.
Chapman, R. W. Jane Austen: A Critical Bibliography, 2nd ed. London, 1969.
Hardwick, M. The Osprey Guide to Jane Austen. [Reading] 1973.

A. A. BEL’SKII

References in periodicals archive ?
She is survived by her daughter, Jane Austin and her husband Ray of Thompson, CT; many grandchildren, including Randy Austin, Dianne Barrett, Jim Austin, Ray Wheeler, Jim Wheeler, and David Ward; many great grandchildren, nephews, and nieces.
Each essay consists of a fictional conversation between a contributor and such literary greats as: Samuel Johnson, George Orwell, Jane Austin, Thomas Hardy, William Faulkner, Rudyard Kipling, and others.
Aisha's script is an adaptation of Jane Austin's classic Emma, which tells the story of a rich, beautiful, high- spirited girl, who is rather over- confident of her match- making skills.
An outstanding work of fiction, Rude Awakenings of a Jane Austin Addict is funny and intriguing and tells of one Courtney Stone, a modern girl caught in Jane Austin's era.
By the late 18th and early 19th centuries, when Jane Austin came on the scene, topics and concerns of women writers had changed dramatically.
ARCHITECTURE: (above) the Poultney Bridge in Bath which is based on the Rialto in Venice and (right) the Pump Room and Roman bath; FILM: Anne Hathaway stars as Jane Austin in the movie Becoming Jane - which was filmed in Bath
Since Emma acknowledged "Jane Austin" as the author of Mansfield Park in 1817, it's likely that both opportunities permitted her to honor Austen's memory.
Jane Austin, global business director for DuPont Performance Elastomers' chloroelastomers business, was elected 2006 chairperson of the Society of the Pastics Industry, making her the first woman to hold this position in the SPI.
Jane Austin, global business director, DuPont Dow Elastomers, LLC, will replace Mr.
Tatiana finds her fate in a sensible marriage a la Jane Austin, and Onegin?
"Sense and Sensibilities: What Jane Austin Never Taught Us" with Marion Asnes.