János Kádár

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Related to Janos Kadar: Imre Nagy, Matyas Rakosi

Kádár, János

 

Born May 26, 1912, in Rijeka. Statesman and political leader of the Hungarian People’s Republic; prominent figure in the Hungarian and international workers’ movement. Son of an agricultural worker. He was a helper and then a mechanic. He joined the labor movement at the age of 17 and became a member of the Hungarian Communist Youth League in 1931. In 1931 he became a member of the Communist Party of Hungary (CPH) and of the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Communist Youth League.

Under the fascist Horthy regime (1919–44), Kádár was active in the illegal work of the Communist Party. In 1941 and 1942 he was a member of the Pest Regional Committee of the CPH. In 1942 he was elected to the Central Committee and in 1943 became a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPH. He was repeatedly arrested for his revolutionary activity. He played a leading role in the organization of the antifascist movement in Hungary. In April 1944 he was arrested; he escaped from prison in November of that year.

After the country was liberated from fascist Horthy rule in April 1945, Kádár was elected deputy to the Provisional National Assembly and became a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the HCP. From April 1945 to August 1948 he was secretary of the Budapest City Committee of the party. From 1946 to 1948 he served as deputy general secretary of the Central Committee of the HCP, and from June 1948 to 1950 he was deputy general secretary of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Workers’ Party (HWP). From August 1948 to June 1950 he was also minister of internal affairs. From June 1950 to April 1951 he was in charge of the department of party organizations and mass organizations of the Central Committee of the HWP.

In 1951, Kádár was arrested on false charges. After being rehabilitated in 1954, he was initially elected first secretary of the party district committee in the 13th district of Budapest and then, in 1955, first secretary of the Pest Regional Committee of the party. The July 1956 plenary session of the Central Committee of the HWP placed him on the Central Committee and elected him a member of the Politburo and a secretary of the Central Committee.

During the counterrevolutionary revolt in Hungary in October and November 1956, Kadar took the initiative in forming the Hungarian Revolutionary Workers’ and Peasants’ Government and in restoring and strengthening the party of the Hungarian working class. From November 1956 to June 1957 he was chairman of an interim central committee, and in June 1957 he became first secretary of the Central Committee of the Hungarian Socialist Workers’ Party (HSWP). From November 1956 to January 1958 he was chairman of the Hungarian Revolutionary Workers’ and Peasants’ Government. From January 1958 to September 1961 he was a minister without portfolio and from September 1961 to June 1965 chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Hungarian People’s Republic. In 1965 he became a member of the Presidium of the Hungarian People’s Republic. Since 1957 he has been a member of the All-Hungarian Council of the People’s Patriotic Front. Kádár was made a Hero of Socialist Labor of the Hungarian People’s Republic in May 1962 and a Hero of the Soviet Union in April 1964. He was awarded the Order of Lenin in 1972.

WORKS

Izbrannye stat’i i rechi 1957–60, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from Hungarian.)
Izbrannye start i rechi 1960–64. Moscow, 1964. (Translated from Hungarian.)
Szilárd népi hatalom: fuggetlen magyarország. [Budapest] 1962.
A szocializmus teljes gyözelmé ért. [Budapest] 1962.
Tovább a lenini ôtou. [Budapest] 1964.
Hazafiság és internacionalizmus. [Budapest] 1968.
A szocialista Magyarországért. [Budapest] 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
In both works, Nikita Khrushchev and Hungary's Janos Kadar come across as marginally more honestly purposeful than others in power.
HUNGARIAN POLITICAL PARTIES have united to protest the desecration of the tomb of Janos Kadar, the Communist leader who acted as a Soviet quisling during the 1956 uprising, and governed Hungary until 1988.
The Soviet military presence was prolonged until the recent implosion of communism, leaving Janos Kadar, Nagy's erstwhile comrade-in-arms, in nominal control.
The same phrase favored by Wolfowitz found its way into a November 4, 1956 radio address by Janos Kadar, the Soviet stooge installed in Budapest following Hungary's abortive anti-Communist uprising.
Fue el 22 de mayo de 1988 cuando el viejo Janos Kadar fue sustituido en su cargo de Secretario General del gobernante Partido Socialista de los Trabajadores Hungaros (PSTH) de tendencia comunista, por el entonces primer ministro Karoly Grosz, quien intento, junto con otros reformadores politicos dentro del partido, encabezar el proceso de inevitables cambios en su pais.
The new head of government, Janos Kadar, declared an amnesty, but at least 20,000 of the "counter-revolutionaries" found themselves in labour camps all the same.
The first of the book's three parts establishes the legacy of the 1956 revolution, including the reform course established by Hungary's leader, Janos Kadar, beginning in 1961.
Hegedus said the social decline had originated under the rule of Janos Kadar, a Communist leader from 1956 to 1988.
These reprisals culminated in the execution of Prime Minister Imre Nagy and several of his comrades in 1958, a political crime which both set the foundations for Janos Kadar's 'soft Communist' regime and also played a major role in the demise of the same regime in 1989.
During the final two decades of socialism, Janos Kadar, party leader and dictator of Hungary, used the following catchy phrase to describe the tollerance of his system: "Whoever is not against us is with us." Today, Eastern Europe's ruling governments seem to adhere to the opposite concept, "Whoever is not with us is against us."
In chapters six and seven the author fast-forwards to the 1980s and 1990s again, outlining the economic decline leading to the resignation of Janos Kadar and the political debates that led both to the ceremonial reburial of Nagy and to the Imre Nagy memorial bill of June 1996.
Even Janos Kadar, whom Moscow installed to replace Nagy, insisted upon Nagy's execution, but over time Kadar dismantled the terror regime and permitted greater liberty--in part no doubt because he had suffered at the hands of Matyas Rakosi, Stalin's "best pupil."