Japanese beetle


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Japanese beetle,

common name for a destructive beetle, Popillia japonica, of the scarab beetlescarab beetle
or scarab,
name for members of a large family of heavy-bodied, oval beetles (the Scarabaeidae), with about 30,000 species distributed throughout most of the world and over 1,200 in North America.
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 family. Accidentally imported to the United States from Japan, it was first discovered in New Jersey in 1916 and is now widespread in the northeastern states, where it is a serious pest of lawns, orchards, and gardens. The adult is about 1-2 in. (13 mm) long with a metallic-green head and thorax and reddish-brown wing covers. Metamorphosis is complete (see insectinsect,
invertebrate animal of the class Insecta of the phylum Arthropoda. Like other arthropods, an insect has a hard outer covering, or exoskeleton, a segmented body, and jointed legs. Adult insects typically have wings and are the only flying invertebrates.
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). The eggs are laid in the ground; the small white larvae, called grubs, feed on the roots of grasses, sometimes killing them, and hibernate during the winter. Pupation occurs in the spring, and the adult emerges in midsummer, feeding on and destroying leaves, flowers, and fruits. Many methods of control have been tried, especially those involving the insect's natural enemies—e.g., parasitic wasps and flies, some of them imported from Japan; bacteria that cause the "milky disease" of grubs; and certain parasitic nematodes. None, however, have been entirely successful in controlling the spread of the beetle. Japanese beetles are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, class Insecta, order Coleoptera, family Scarabaeidae.

Bibliography

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References in periodicals archive ?
For example, Japanese beetles and other beetles are associated with areas of managed cool-season turfgrass (Potter and Held, 2002; Hamilton et al., 2007), suggesting that laughing gulls likely were foraging in parks, residential lawns or potentially on the JFKIA airfield.
Herbivory by Japanese beetle larvae and endophyte infection both had a significant influence on response parameters of perennial ryegrass growing in mixtures with dandelion (F = 14.9; df = 3, 25; P < 0.0001, and F = 8.6; df = 3, 25; P = 0.0004, respectively), but there was no significant interaction between herbivory and endophyte infection (F = 0.38; df = 3, 25; P = 0.77).
First recorded in North America in 1916, Japanese beetles are a highly destructive menace, causing billions of dollars of crop damage annually.
Entomologist Stefan Jaronski, with the Northern Plains Agricultural Research Laboratory in Sidney, Montana, is currently helping the Azoreans to further develop the fungus to control the Japanese beetle. His work is part of the Azores Cooperative Initiatives Program between the United States and the Azores.
There were substantial differences in Japanese beetle leaf damage for cultivar and leaf position main effects.
The Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica, has recently become the primary insect pest of blueberries in Michigan.
Researchers described the knockout effect on Japanese beetles in 1929, notes Daniel A.
Of the other traps, the Unitrap, Japanese beetle, and modified Lindgren traps were effective and caught statistically similar numbers of lovebugs at each location.
But, although the editors asked many questions about specific methods, they failed to always list chickens and ducks, which they learned many gardeners regard as essential players in controlling Japanese beetles and other garden pests.
We selected a generalist herbivore species, the Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman), to quantify dispersal behavior and rates of movement in monoculture vs intercropped soybean agroecosystems.
The Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Rutelinae) is an invasive species that currently covers most of the eastern United States (NAPIS 2015).
The Big Dipper has started to rotate to the west after midnight, frecasting chigger and Japanese beetle time.

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