Japanese spaniel

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Japanese spaniel,

breed of dainty, alert toy dogtoy dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate very small breeds of dogs kept as pets. Some are selectively bred diminutive forms of larger breeds and others are naturally small.
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 probably originating in ancient China and developed in Japan over many centuries. It stands about 9 in. (22.9 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 7 lb (3.2 kg). Its long, profuse coat is straight and silky and is usually black and white or any of various shades of red and white. Traditionally given as the gift of emperors, the Japanese spaniel was introduced into the West by Commodore Matthew Perry in the mid-19th cent. Today it is a popular house pet. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal, fox, and tanuki also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Japanese Spaniel


a breed of dog bred mainly as a pet. The Japanese spaniel was developed in ancient China and was subsequently brought to Japan. The breed has been known in Europe since the 19th century. It is a small dainty dog, 18–20 cm tall. The body is square, and the head spherical, with a convex forehead, a flattened nose, and large bulging eyes. The ears are small and pendant; the tail is often thrown over the back without forming a ring. The straight and silky fur is long, especially on the ears, tail, and legs. The coloring is white with symmetrical black, red, and brown spots. The Japanese spaniel is distributed throughout the world.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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