Jasper Johns

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Johns, Jasper,

1930–, American artist, b. Augusta, Ga. Influenced by Marcel DuchampDuchamp, Marcel
, 1887–1968, French painter, brother of Raymond Duchamp-Villon and half-brother of Jacques Villon. Duchamp is noted for his cubist-futurist painting Nude Descending a Staircase,
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 in the mid-1950s, Johns attempted to transform common objects into art by placing them in an art context. Along with his close friends Robert RauschenbergRauschenberg, Robert
, 1925–2008, American painter, b. Port Arthur, Tex., as Milton Ernest Rauschenberg. He studied at the Kansas City Art Institute, with Josef Albers at Black Mountain College, and at New York's Art Students League.
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, John CageCage, John,
1912–92, American composer, b. Los Angeles. A leading figure in the musical avant-garde from the late 1930s, he attended Pomona College and later studied with Arnold Schoenberg, Adolph Weiss, and Henry Cowell.
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, and Merce CunninghamCunningham, Merce
(Mercier Philip Cunningham), 1919–2009, American modern dancer and choreographer, b. Centralia, Wash. Cunningham studied modern dance with Martha Graham and ballet at Balanchine's School of American Ballet.
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, Johns eschewed the idea of the artist-hero and embraced the experimental, the accidental, and the everyday—aesthetic approaches that became extremely influential in contemporary arts. His flags and target images executed from 1954 to 1959 heralded the pop artpop art,
movement that restored realism to avant-garde art; it first emerged in Great Britain at the end of the 1950s as a reaction against the seriousness of abstract expressionism.
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 movement. Other recurring motifs, which continued into the 1960s, include his beautifully delineated numerals, letters, and maps of the United States. Acclaimed for his painterly touch, Johns based his technique on the informal brushwork and texture of abstract expressionismabstract expressionism,
movement of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the mid-1940s and attained singular prominence in American art in the following decade; also called action painting and the New York school.
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, sometimes attaching literal elements such as rulers and brooms to the canvas. His bronze castings, such as Beer Cans (1960), are also derived from common objects. His critically acclaimed abstract crosshatch paintings of the 1970s were followed by the allusion-filled, self-referential works of the 1980s and 90s, e.g., the four Seasons (1985–86), which use recurrent motifs as symbols to pull the viewer into engagement with the works. Many of his spare paintings of the early 2000s incorporate real or painted catenaries (curves created by cords hanging from two points), others echo the flagstonelike motifs he used several decades earlier. Throughout his career, Johns has also created drawings and a variety of prints.


See R. Bernstein and B. S. Zinn, ed., Jasper Johns: Catalogue Raisonné of Painting and Sculpture (2017); K. Varnedoe, ed., Jasper Johns: Writings, Sketchbook, Notes, Interviews (1996); studies by R. Bernstein (1985), M. Rosenthal (1988), G. Boudaille (1989), F. Orton (1994), J. Yau (1996), J. Weiss (2007), R. Bernstein (2017), and F. Donovan (2017).

Johns, Jasper

(1930–  ) painter; born in Allendale, S.C. After studying at the University of South Carolina, he settled in New York City (1952). By 1955 he had transformed the direction of abstract expressionism by using everyday objects and reinterpreting them. His series of paintings of flags and his mixed media images of targets represented a return to the object as art. He worked in encaustic, a mixture of pigment and beeswax, which, when applied with heat, creates a strong, glossy surface. Known as an intellectual artist and a precursor of pop art, he continued to produce original works and gain in reputation long after the pop art movement faded.
References in periodicals archive ?
Notwithstanding the forged documents and tales of friendship with the great artist Jasper Johns that he used to prove the sculpture's provenance, he got caught and will now be forced to answer for his alleged fraud.
Indeed, Cage was born in 1912, Cunningham in 1919, Rauschenberg in 1925, and Jasper Johns in 1930.
The sum more than doubles the $20 million the Met spent in 1998 for a piece by 20th-century painter Jasper Johns.
Andy Warhol, Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, and others come under attack as purveyors of "the extreme for extremity's sake.
At the California Palace of the Legion of Honor through December 31, you can catch prints by Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, and others in An American Focus: The Anderson Graphic Arts Collection.
Spare Time Interests: Cycling--particularly in the forests surrounding his chateau near Rambouillet; and contemporary art, owns works by Picasso, Henry Moore, Rothko, Rauschenberg, and Jasper Johns, among many others.
American Cultural Leaders: Explores more than 400 leading cultural figures such as Frank Zappa, Ernest Hemingway, and Jasper Johns
Mann's latest CD-ROM is Painters Painting, a fabulous multimedia extension of the revealing 1973 documentary on the post-war New York art scene by Emile de Antonio, featuring big names like Andy Warhol, Jackson Pollock, Willem de Koonig and Jasper Johns.
This book also provides a case study of paintings, including Jacques-Louis DavidAEs Oath of the Horatii and a series of art pieces by Jasper Johns, whose titles originated with the artists who created them in order to illustrate the above theory.
Half a century ago, Sturtevant realized that if you take a work of art--a painting by Jasper Johns or a silk-screened print by Andy Warhol, say--and repeat it, something becomes visible.
Sheedy admitted the victory at Carrington over Paul McGuinness' United side last week was as good as Everton have produced this season, with Ross Barkley, Anton Forrester, John Lundstram and Jasper Johns all impressing.