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A compact siliceous rock resembling jasper and containing iron oxides in bands.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a ferruginous quartz, formed as a result of the metamorphism of iron-silica minerals and volcanic deposits. It consists of alternating layers of magnetite and hematite ores and layers of quartz measuring 0.5-3 mm in thickness. In the ore layers the amount of magnetite and hematite is 70-90 percent; in the mixed layers 20-50 percent; and in the nonore layers, 5-10 percent. Depending on the quantity of ore minerals and the degree of dispersion, the layer has a gray, dark gray, bluish, or red coloration. The iron content of jaspilite varies from 20 to 42 percent. The iron content of oxidized jaspilite rises to 66 percent owing to leaching out of quartz and the replacement of magnetite and hematite by martite. Jaspilite is widespread in precambrian beds where it forms large iron ore deposits, for example, at Krivoi Rog and the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly (USSR), Lake Superior (USA), Minas Gerais (Brazil), and Singhbhum (India).


Gershoig, lu. G. Veshchestvennyi sostav i otsenka obogatimosti bednykh zhdeznykh rud. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mineralisation being targeted is similar to that of the Middleback iron deposits where pods of hematite between 500 to 1000m long occur discontinuously adjacent to the Middleback jaspilite, within the hinge zones of synclines.
The project geology comprises calcareous and ferruginous siltstone, shales, phyllite, metavolcanics and jaspilite rocks of the Overhang Jaspilite unit of the Mid Proterozoic Mary Kathleen Group.
arenites (greywackes, arkoses, quartzites, quartz sandstones up to quartz sands), rudites, ferrolites including jaspilites, bauxites, manganolites, silicites including diatomites, radiolarites, spongolites and cherts, carbonate sediments (dolomites [much greater than] limestones), phosphorites, salt sediments or evaporites, sulphur, kaustobiolites, analcimolite, and related sediments.