Jatra

Jatra

 

a musical and dance presentation in India (Bengal and Orissa). It emerged in remote antiquity out of the shepherds’ plays and religious processions of the cult of Vishnu-Krishna. Jatra incorporates dance, pantomime, speech, and instrumental and vocal music; singing predominates. Jatra emerged as a literary genre in the 16th and 17th centuries. Of the dramatists and composers who created jatras, the most famous is K. Gosvami (1810-88), author of Meeting With Bharata, Nimai Saniasa, Svapnavilasa, and Ray Unmadini. At the turn of the 20th century the jatra was enriched by the incorporation of new themes, using historical figures and fighters for national liberation as heroes (Shahjahan by Ghosh and Mir Qasim by Roy). Jatra is performed by youths and men. The orchestra includes folk percussion and wind musical instruments and a small portable harmonium. The main singer, the vivek, provides the commentary, explaining the course of the action of the drama to the audience.

Jatra influenced the creative work of many Indian dramatists. R. Tagore, G. Ghosh, and D. Roy wrote works in the style ofjatra. Many texts were composed by A. Ta-gore. Individuals involved in the contemporary Indian theater are making attempts to use some of the elements ofjatrain professional theater. Sisir Kumar Bhaduri was one of the outstanding Indian actors who performed in jatra.

M. P. BABKINA

References in periodicals archive ?
Kumari Jatra is celebrated every year in September.
This is part of a new tradition started by the KCR government since the formation of the new state under which the government officially celebrates the major festivals of all the communities including Bathukamma, the tribal festival Sammakka-Sarakka, tribal Jatra, and Eid-ul Fitr.
Apparently, many people described him as a poet of love and Separation but reading the poems in his books especially in the "Dohon Kaler Kabbyo (Verses of Firey Days) and "Prottoyee Jatra (Indomitable Journey) it will be clearly evident to anybody that he is a social-conscious poet of his time.
Emdad Bachchu, managing director, Akash Jatra Travel Agency said as a part of economic diversification, the government is now focusing more on tourism-related activities.
Kathmandu's feared Demon Dancer finally performed again after a two-year break at this year's Indra Jatra festival, an annual celebration that marks the end of the monsoon and the beginning of the harvest.
One of these advertisements depicts two figures who look like the king and queen from some mythological jatra (an indigenous dramatic performance), and another depicts a European woman with her hands on her waist, her back turned on the viewer.
Snehangan Heights, Vrundavan Nagar, Behind Jatra Hotel, Near Kamadhenu Super Market, Nashik-422002.
NEPAL: A devotee holds an oil lamp as he throws 'sindoor' or vermilion powder during Sindoor Jatra festival in Bhaktapur.
This time, Didi has scripted a play ( jatra ) to reach out to the maximum number voters in rural Bengal.
The 9/11 story was composed within a couple of months of the event itself, inspired by a jatra (folk theatre) performance on the subject by a travelling theatre troupe from Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) that played in Naya village, West Medinipur, where the 9/11 or Laden scroll, as it is popularly designated, was first composed.
local time) Saturday when hundreds of devotees were watching a jatra (open air drama) show arranged on the occasion of traditional Rash Mela (fair) on the premises of Kantajew Temple in Dinajpur district, some 338 km northwest of capital Dhaka.