Jatra

Jatra

 

a musical and dance presentation in India (Bengal and Orissa). It emerged in remote antiquity out of the shepherds’ plays and religious processions of the cult of Vishnu-Krishna. Jatra incorporates dance, pantomime, speech, and instrumental and vocal music; singing predominates. Jatra emerged as a literary genre in the 16th and 17th centuries. Of the dramatists and composers who created jatras, the most famous is K. Gosvami (1810-88), author of Meeting With Bharata, Nimai Saniasa, Svapnavilasa, and Ray Unmadini. At the turn of the 20th century the jatra was enriched by the incorporation of new themes, using historical figures and fighters for national liberation as heroes (Shahjahan by Ghosh and Mir Qasim by Roy). Jatra is performed by youths and men. The orchestra includes folk percussion and wind musical instruments and a small portable harmonium. The main singer, the vivek, provides the commentary, explaining the course of the action of the drama to the audience.

Jatra influenced the creative work of many Indian dramatists. R. Tagore, G. Ghosh, and D. Roy wrote works in the style ofjatra. Many texts were composed by A. Ta-gore. Individuals involved in the contemporary Indian theater are making attempts to use some of the elements ofjatrain professional theater. Sisir Kumar Bhaduri was one of the outstanding Indian actors who performed in jatra.

M. P. BABKINA

References in periodicals archive ?
Head to Sakura, one of the most famous bars in Dhaka, for imported beers, drinks offers and dancing or join the cool-cats in Jatra Biroti, a hip rooftop lounge for live music events ranging from traditional Tagore sounds to jazz, blues and rock.
Indications that a 'left' policy would deny these entities their traditional role was gleaned way back when Baburam Bhattarai as prime minister attempted to tamper with Indra Jatra resources.
The residents of Kathmandu Valley, especially the Newars, who have serious dissatisfaction over the bill, have been protesting since June 9 after the festival of Rato Machhendra Nath Jatra concluded.
Nautanki in Uttar Pradesh, jatra in Bengal, tamasha in Maharashtra and yakshgaan of coastal Karnataka come to mind.
Women in splendid dresses and men in traditional wear enjoyed jatra plays in the parks.
They have also chalked out a three-day-long programmes of folk songs gambhira dance, band music and jatra pala at the university Charu Chattar to celebrate Pahela Baishakh of the Bengali New Year-1426.
Mouni does not have any film background, though her grandfather Shekhar Chandra Roy and mother Mukti were well-known Jatra (theatre) artists.
The mobile theatre, which has its earliest roots in the form of the jatra that developed in the late 19th century in lower Assam, began in its present form in the year 1963 when the veteran Achyut Lahkar set up his group Nataraj Theatre in his hometown of Pathshala.
"We were not at all busy as the last Eid holidays coincided with school holidays, where a huge chunk of expatriates were out of the country," Emdad Bachchu, an official from Akash Jatra Travel agency said.
Emdad Bachchu, an official from Akash Jatra said, 'Many have opted to visit Salalah and Jebel Akhdar.
Kumari Jatra is celebrated every year in September.