Jauna Strava

Jaunā Strāva


(New Tendency), a revolutionary democratic movement among the Latvian intelligentsia of the 1890’s. The Jaunā Strāva originated under the influence of the growing workers’ movement. The preconditions for its emergence were a general dissatisfaction with the social and political system, which had been marked by tsarist oppression and oppression by the Baltic barons, and disappointment with the activities of the Latvian bourgeois nationalists.

In 1893 adherents of the Jaunā Strāva established contacts with workers’ circles, conducted propaganda for social democratic ideas, and organized discussions exposing the policies of the Russian autocracy and the nationalism of the Latvian bourgeoisie. The leading element of the movement was its left wing, which included P. Stučka, J. Rainis, and F. Roziņš. An absence of organizational unity, however, weakened the movement’s effectiveness. The ideological center of the movement was the newspaper Dienas lapa (Daily Bulletin).

The Jaunā Strāva exerted a great influence on the development of the democratic traditions of the Latvian people and contributed to an upsurge of Latvian national culture. The movement ended in 1897 after the government closed down Dienas lapa and arrested the leaders.

References in periodicals archive ?
An active participant of this process in the nineteenth century Latvia was the social anti-provincialism and female equality movement of "Jauna Strava" [New Current], and among them also the writers of the European and world level, prominent poets, playwrights and active public and culture figures Rainis (Janis Plieksans; 1865-1929) and Aspazija (Elza Rozenberga; 1865-1943) (later husband and wife), whose activities are tightly linked with western Europe, especially Germany, and the culture of German speaking nations.
It depicts the period of "Jauna strava" in Latvia; the characters representing the cultural life in Riga are projected with the author of the novel herself (Arta Augstkalne) and Rainis (Jarmuts Asmins) --the then new editor of "Dienas Lapa" (in the novel--editor of "Jauna Diena").